Northern Pintail Anas acuta


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 41,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 160,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 4700000-4800000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.8 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number 7,100,000-7,200,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). This roughly equates to 4,700,000-4,800,000 mature individuals. The European population is estimated at 210,000-269,000 pairs, which equates to 419,000-539,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). In North America, the species has undergone a large and statistically significant decrease over the last 40 years (77.3% decline over 40 years, equating to a 31% decline per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count [Butcher and Niven 2007]), and in 2015 the population was estimated to be 24% below the 1955-2014 long-term average (Zimpfer et al. 2015). In Europe, the population size is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in 20.4 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant Yes
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Australia V Extant
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana V Extant
Brazil V Extant
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Cook Islands V Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cuba N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Egypt N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
French Polynesia V Extant
Gabon V Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) V Extant Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jamaica V Extant
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kiribati N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes Yes
Luxembourg N Extant
Malawi V Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Marshall Islands N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Panama N Extant
Papua New Guinea V Extant
Philippines N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant Yes
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Sudan N Extant
Suriname N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Togo N Extant
Tonga V Extant
Trinidad and Tobago V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Venezuela N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Beresina
Lithuania Kretuonas Landscape Reserve
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Estonia Väike Väin strait
Cyprus Akhna dam
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Pape
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Cursul Dunării - Baziaş - Porţile de Fier
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Ireland River Little Brosna callows: New Bridge - River Shannon
Ireland Baldoyle Bay
Ireland Dublin Bay
Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs
Ireland Castlemaine Harbour
Ireland Tralee Bay and Barrow Harbour
Ireland Shannon and Fergus Estuaries
Ireland Rahasane turlough
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Sweden Tavvavouma
Sweden Lake Laidaure
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Vistula river mouth
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Evros delta
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Texel: Schorren and Zeeburg
Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel
Netherlands Duinen Vlieland
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Rottumerplaat
Netherlands Rottumeroog
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Dollard
Netherlands Westplaat
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Netherlands Haringvliet
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Veerse Meer
Netherlands IJssel: Zwolle - Ketelmeer
Netherlands Gelderse Poort
Netherlands Waal: Ewijk - Waardenburg
Netherlands Groote Wielen
Netherlands Alde Feanen
Netherlands Witte en Zwarte Brekken
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Kukkiajärvi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Keski-Kallavesi and Kuhanen Lake
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Alajoki
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Litokaira
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Rumala-Kuvaja-Oudonrimmet
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Karunginjärvi lake
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas
Hungary Csanád Pusztas
Russia (European) Koporski Bay
Russia (European) Kupy area
Russia (European) Olonets plain
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Kostroma river
Russia (European) Western Ilmen area
Russia (European) Volga Delta
Russia (European) Torna-Shoina watershed
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas
Russia (European) Kamsko-Ikski area
Russia (European) Bulgarski
Russia (European) Valley complex of Moksha and Oka rivers
Russia (European) Morskoy Biryuchek island
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river (Kirsko-Algashinskaya)
Russia (European) Faustovo flood-plains of Moscow river
Russia (European) Russki Zavorot Peninsula and eastern part of Malozemelskaya Tundra
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Eo river estuary-Barayo beach-Ría de Foz
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Villafáfila
Spain Gallocanta lake
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh
Ukraine Burshtyns'ke reservoir
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Kanivs'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop
Ukraine Solonyj Lyman lake
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Arjuzanx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Forêts du Perche
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Goulven
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Blois
France Brenne centrale
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etang de Lindre
France Etang des Landes
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Vallée de la Garonne : Moissac
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Cap Gris-nez
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Camargue
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Plaine du Forez
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Marais de la Souche
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars
France Ile de la Platière
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir
United Kingdom Arun Valley
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes
United Kingdom Breckland
United Kingdom Bridgend Flats, Islay
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs
United Kingdom Cameron Reservoir
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Chesil Beach and the Fleet
United Kingdom Chew Valley
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Dyfi Estuary/Aber Dyfi
United Kingdom Deben Estuary
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom Dundrum Inner Bay
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom Eden Estuary, Tentsmuir Point and Abertay Sands
United Kingdom Exe Estuary
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Holburn Lake and Moss
United Kingdom Din Moss and Hoselaw Loch
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Inner Clyde
United Kingdom Inverpolly, Loch Urigill and nearby lochs
United Kingdom Lea Valley
United Kingdom Leighton Moss
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Gruinart Flats
United Kingdom Loch Ken and Dee Marshes
United Kingdom Loch Leven
United Kingdom Loch of Isbister
United Kingdom Loch of Lintrathen
United Kingdom Loch of Skene
United Kingdom Loch of Strathbeg
United Kingdom Loch of Inch and Torrs Warren
United Kingdom Lochs of Harray and Stenness
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Lough Neagh and Lough Beg
United Kingdom Martin Mere
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Mill Dam, Shapinsay
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Montrose Basin
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Nene Washes
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Pagham Harbour
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom River Spey - Insh Marshes
United Kingdom Rutland Water
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Skokholm and Skomer
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom South Tayside Goose Roosts
United Kingdom South-eastern Stronsay
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
United Kingdom Solent Marshes and Southampton Water
United Kingdom Stodmarsh
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Taw and Torridge Estuary
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom Thanet Coast and Sandwich Bay
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Tiree and Coll
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Walmore Common
United Kingdom Wigtown Bay
United Kingdom Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch
United Kingdom Benacre to Easton Bavents
United Kingdom North Wales Coast
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
United Kingdom Breydon Water
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Po Delta
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon
Poland Slowinska Site
Sweden River Dal – Håvran
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Black Sea
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Skjern Å
Denmark Karrebæk, Dybsø and Avnø Fjords (coasts and islands)
Denmark Fiilsø
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Stadil Fjord and Veststadil Fjord
Denmark Nissum Fjord
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Agger Tange and Krik Vig
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Rømø
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Norway Ørlandet
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Norway Gaulosen
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Westrügen - Hiddensee - Zingst
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Mühlenberger Loch
Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Ammersee
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Grosshartmannsdorfer Grossteich
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Möhnesee
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, embanked area
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Kleinringer and Großringer Wösten
Germany Jadebusen, inland
Germany Valley of River Ems
Germany Alfsee
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Wittmund-Wangerland
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Dümmer
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Spreewald
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Northern Wetterau
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Reservoir near Affoldern
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Croatia Grudnjak fish-ponds
Cameroon Lake Maga
Algeria Barrage de la Cheffia
Mali Lac Faguibine
Mali Lac Horo
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mali Séri
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
Mauritania Tâmourt en Na'âj
Mauritania Rkîz
Mauritania Diawling National Park
Niger Chiya wetland
Nigeria Hadejia-Nguru wetlands
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Chad Lake Chad
Chad Lake Fitri
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Estonia Haapsalu-Noarootsi bays
Estonia Pammana peninsula
Estonia Pärnu bay and Kihnu strait
Estonia Eru bay
Latvia Irbe strait
Latvia Svete lower reaches
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Lithuania The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iraq Haur Al Hammar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dorudsan dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area
Russia (European) Issinski
Russia (European) Petrocrepost' Bay
Russia (European) Mouth of Svir river
Russia (European) Kizlyar Bay
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel
Bangladesh Hakaluki Haor
China (mainland) Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Qinghai Hu (Koko Nor)
Philippines Candaba swamp
Japan Izunuma and nearby lakes
Japan Otomonuma reservoir
Japan Mogamigawa estuary
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Japan Lakes Komuke and Shibunotsunai
Japan Abukuma river
Japan Lake Hyoko
Japan Mawarizeki and Sunazawa reservoir
Pakistan Pugri Lake
Pakistan Rasool Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
Russia (Asian) Korfa Gulf (northern part)
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake
Russia (Asian) Azas Nature Reserve
Russia (Asian) Forty islands
Russia (Asian) Zhupanovskiy lagoon
Russia (Asian) Kolyma-Alazeya lowland
India Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
India Krishnarajasagar Reservoir
India Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake)
India Patna Bird Sanctuary
India Saman Bird Sanctuary
Bangladesh Aila Beel
Bangladesh Jamuna-Brahmaputra river
Bangladesh Muhuri Dam
South Korea Cheonsu Bay
South Korea Upo swamp
Russia (Asian) Kolyma delta
Russia (Asian) Kharchinskoye lake
Russia (Asian) Kronotskiy Gulf
Russia (Asian) Chelomdzha valley and Kava-Chelomdzha interfluve
India Kanjli Lake
Russia (Asian) Parapol'skiy valley
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (European) Unskaya bay
Russia (Central Asian) Bog Mamynkul and lake Alakul
Russia (European) Kuloy river
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskie of a bog 2
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Russia (Central Asian) Yudinsky stretch
Russia (Central Asian) Zdvinsky zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Puchina area
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Kadkul', Alabuga and Tirikul' Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kyzil-Chilik valley
Russia (European) Lower Eruslan
Russia (European) Karakulinskaya flood-plain
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoe Mit'kino Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Bulgaria Zhrebchevo Reservoir
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Balchik
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Baie de Quiberon
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Boucle de Moisson
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Pointe de Grave
France Col de l'Escrinet
Kazakhstan Zhaltyr Lake
Bahamas Grog Pond
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Beloye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bakanzhul lake
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Russia (European) Oka valley in vicinity of Murmino
Russia (European) Izhevsk flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (European) Okski Biosphere Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Alakupa marshes
Russia (Central Asian) Akman lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (Central Asian) Altyr' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tulak lake
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koye lake 2
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'ko-Solenoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Baganskiye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Solenoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'i lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers
Canada Whitford and Rush Lakes
Canada Big Lake
Canada Frank Lake (south)
Canada Boundary Bay - Roberts Bank - Sturgeon Bank (Fraser River Estuary)
Canada Netley-Libau Marsh
Canada Whitewater Lake
Canada Quidi Vidi Lake
Canada Codroy Valley Estuary
Canada North Arm, Great Slave Lake
Canada Queen Maud Gulf
Canada Hannah Bay
Canada Netitishi Point
Canada Moose River Estuary
Canada North Point
Canada Big Piskwanish Point
Canada Îlot C
Canada Montmagny
Canada Marais de Saint-Timothée
Canada Marais de Saint-Étienne
Canada Canal de Beauharnois
Canada Kutawagan Lake
Canada Old Crow Flats
Canada Nunaluk Spit to Herschel Island
Canada Babbage and Spring River Deltas
Canada Shallow Bay, Big Slough and Swan Lake
Canada M'Clintock Bay to Lewes River Marsh
Canada Tagish Narrows
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iraq Baquba wetlands
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Saudi Arabia King Faisal Airbase, Tabuk
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Hasa lagoons
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Wadi Jawwah
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Dominican Republic Cabral Lagoon
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Netherlands Markiezaat
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen
Ukraine Gerojsk Lakes
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Shaglyteniz Lake and marshes
Kazakhstan Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Zharkol Lakes
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Kazakhstan Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 9
Kazakhstan Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System
Kazakhstan Shoshkaly Lake System
Italy Ticino river
Kazakhstan Sorbalyk Lake
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Turkmenistan Gurtli
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Kopetdagkhovudan
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Kazakhstan Sorbalyk-Maybalyk Lake System
Italy Crava-Morozzo lakes
Kazakhstan Akzhan Lake
Italy Lake Viverone
Netherlands Rijn: Heteren - Amerongen
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Kazakhstan Lake Alakol Islands
Russia (Central Asian) Upper streams of Ob' river
Mexico Babícora
Netherlands Biesbosch
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Kevo
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Pernaja outer archipelago
Finland Porvoo outer archipelago
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Netherlands Lake Veluwemeer
Netherlands Delta Coast
Netherlands IJssel: IJsselkop - Ketelmeer
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Netherlands Ketelmeer & Vossemeer
Lebanon Lake Qaraoun
Russia (European) Downstream of Ik river
Russia (European) River Chernaya
USA Catahoula-Dewey Wills-Three Rivers
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Huvenhoopsmor and Breddorfer Wiesen
Germany Leine valley Koldingen-Ruthe
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Usedom lagoon (Peenestrom, Achterwasser, Kleines Haff with Neuwarper See)
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Germany Wetterau
Germany Untermain
Ireland Dundalk Bay
Ireland Malahide/ Broadmeadow Estuary
Ireland Cahore marshes
Ireland Tacumshin lake
Ireland Cork Harbour
Ireland Lough Foyle
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Karkyra Valley
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Kyrgyzstan Water reservation of Northern Chu Valley
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Denmark Harboøre Tange, Plet Enge & Gjeller Sø
Denmark Mandø
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Denmark Islands in Smålandshavet, north of Lolland
Mongolia Uvsiin Khar Lake
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Kazakhstan Salmanykol lake
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Russia (Central Asian) Kunovatski
Russia (Central Asian) Kondo-Alymskaya
Norway Andøya (including Skogvoll)
Mexico Subcuenca Tecocomulco
Mexico Humedales Chihuahua
Mexico Corredor de Barrancas de la Sierra Madre Occidental
USA Atchafalaya Delta
USA Lake Mattamuskeet - Swan Quarter
USA Active Delta (Mississippi River Birdsfoot Delta)
Mexico Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztitlán
Mexico Presa de Valsequillo
Russia (Asian) Azhabach'ye lake
Mexico Complejo de Humedales del Noroeste de Chihuahua
Mexico Estero Cardonal
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Irbe strait
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Maliy Kak Lake
Kazakhstan Bolshoy Kak Lake
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Netherlands Veluwerandmeren
Mauritania Chott Boul
Mexico Estero del Soldado
Mexico Estero Lobos
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Rödkallen – Söräspen Islands
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Ushkol Lake
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan portion of the river Volga's Delta - Zhambay
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
China (mainland) Haifeng wetlands
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mexico Presa Temascal

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Anas acuta. Downloaded from on 03/12/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/12/2020.