Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. In prep.. European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Blakey, R. V., Siegel, R. B., Webb, E. B., Dillingham, C. P., Johnson, M. J. and Kesler, D. C. 2020. Multi-scale habitat selection and movements by Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) in a fire-prone forest. Biological Conservation 241: 108348.

Boal, C. W. and Mannan, R W. 1994. Northern goshawk diets in ponderosa pine forests on the Kaibab Plateau. Studies in Avian Biology 16: 97-102.

Briels, N., Torgersen, L. N., Castaño-Ortiz, J. M., Løseth, M. E., Herzke, D., Nygård, T., Bustnes, J. O., Ciesielski, T. M., Poma, G., Malarvannan, G., Covaci, A. and Jaspers, V. L. B. 2019. Integrated exposure assessment of northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) nestlings to legacy and emerging organic pollutants using non-destructive samples. Environmental Research 178: 108678.

Byholm, P., Gunko, R., Burgas, D. and Karell, P. 2020. Losing your home: temporal changes in forest landscape structure due to timber harvest accelerate Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) nest stand losses. Ornis Fennica 97: 1-11.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

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Gedeon, K., Grüneberg, C., Mitschke, A., Sudfeldt, C., Eickhorst, W., Fischer, S., Flade, M., Frick,S., Geiersberger, I., Koop, B., Kramer, M. Krüger, T., Roth, N., Ryslavy, T., Stübing, S., Sudmann, S. R., Steffens, R., Vökler, F. and Witt, K. 2015. Atlas Deutscher Brutvogelarten. Dachverband Deutscher Avifaunisten, Münster.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Iverson, G.C., Hayward, G.D., Titus, K., DeGayner, E., Lowell, R.E., Crocker-Bedford, D.C., Schempf, P.F. and Lindell, J. 1996. Conservation Assessment for the Northern Goshawk in Southeast Alaska. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-387. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Portland, Oregon.

Nyegaard, T., Larsen, J. D., Brandtberg, N. and Jørgensen, M. F. 2015. Overvågning af de almindelige fuglearter i Danmark 1975- 2014. Dansk Ornitologisk Forening.

Orta, J. and Marks, J.S. 2014. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). In: J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D.A. Christie, and E. de Juana (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Partners in Flight. 2020. Population Estimates Database, version 3.1. Available at:

Rutz, C., Bijlsma, R. G., Marquiss, M. and Kenward, R. E. 2006. Population limitation in the Northern Goshawk in Europe: A review with case studies. Studies in Avian Biology 31: 158-197.

Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Squires, J. R., Reynolds, R. T., Orta, J., and Marks, J. S. 2020. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), version 1.0. In: Billerman, S. M. (ed.), Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY.

STRIX. 2012. Developing and testing the methodology for assessing and mapping the sensitivity of migratory birds to wind energy development. BirdLife International, Cambridge.

Valkama, J., Vepsäläinen, V. and Lehikoinen, A. 2011. The Third Finnish Breeding Bird Atlas. Available at: (Accessed: 18/03/2021).

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Accipiter gentilis. Downloaded from on 02/07/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 02/07/2022.