LC
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 41,700,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1500000-1800000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 20.7 - - -

Population justification: del Hoyo et al. (1992) estimated the global population to number 526,000 individuals. In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 683,000 pairs, which equates to 1,370,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms 75-94% of the global range, so a revised estimate of the global population size is c. 1,500,000-1,800,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population trend is increasing in North America (based on BBS/CBC data: Butcher and Niven 2007). The European population is also estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria N Extant
Austria V Extant
Bahamas N Extant
Belgium N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant Yes
Bulgaria V Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
Cape Verde N Extant
Croatia V Extant
Cuba V Extant
Cyprus V Extant
Czech Republic V Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt V Extant
Estonia V Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Iceland N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan V Extant
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant
Lithuania V Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant
Syria V Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Canada Baccalieu Island
Canada Bonaventure Island
Canada Cap d'Espoir
Canada Cape St. Mary's
Canada Funk Island
Canada Île Brion
Canada Îles Les Boules
Canada Îlot C
Canada Les rochers aux Oiseaux
Canada Marais de la baie de L'Isle-Verte
Canada Marais de Pointe-au-Père
Canada Shigawake-Newport
Denmark Skagerrak-Southwest Norwegian trench
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Mykines and Mykineshólmur
France Archipel des Sept-Iles
Iceland Eldey
Iceland Raudinupur
Iceland Skoruvik-Skalabjarg
Iceland Skrúdur
Iceland Vestmannaeyjar
Ireland Bull and Cow Rocks
Ireland Saltee Islands
Ireland The Skelligs: Great Skellig and Little Skellig
Mauritania Canary current shelf-break South
Norway Gjesværstappan
Norway Runde
Norway Syltefjordstauran
Portugal Berlengas
Spain Cape Busto-Luanco
Spain Cape Candelaria-Ortigueira estuary-Cape Estaca de Bares
Spain Costa da Morte
Spain Estrecho de Gibraltar
Spain Golfo de Cádiz
United Kingdom Ailsa Craig
United Kingdom Firth of Forth Islands
United Kingdom Grassholm
United Kingdom Hermaness, Saxa Vord and Valla Field
United Kingdom Les Etacs, Alderney
United Kingdom North Rona and Sula Sgeir
United Kingdom Noss
United Kingdom Ortac, Alderney
United Kingdom St Kilda
United Kingdom Sule Skerry and Sule Stack

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major breeding
Altitude 0 - 200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Morus bassanus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2017.