CR
Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita



References

Aghnaj, A.; Smith, K. W.; Bowden, C. G. R.; Ribi, M. 2001. Studies of the feeding ecology and habitat use of Northern Bald Ibis, Geronticus eremita, in the Souss-Massa National Park, Morocco. Ostrich Suppl. 15: 197.

Anon. 1998. Recent reports. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 5(1): 71-72.

Anon. 2006. Bald Ibises tagged in Syria. Birding World 19(7): 308.

Anon. 2008. Poison blamed for Bald Ibis deaths. World Birdwatch 30(4): 10.

Anon. 2009. Bald Ibises - update. RSPB Legal Eagle: 16.

Anon. 2014. LIFE project teams up with Jane Goodall to reintroduce migratory bird species. Environment LIFE Programme. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/news/newsarchive2014/october/. (Accessed: 29/07/2015).

BirdLife International. 2009. First coordinated White-shouldered Ibis count dramatically increases known population. Babbler: 22-23.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Boehm C. and Bowden C.G.R. 2010. Northern Bald Ibis Conservation and Reintroduction workshop. Proceedings of 3rd Meeting of International Advisory Group for Northern Bald Ibis (IAGNBI), November 2009. Palmyra, Syria.

Böhm, C. 2004. Waldrapp ibis (Geronticus eremita).

Bowden, C. 1998. Birecik: the current situation of the semi-wild Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita population.

Bowden, C. 2001. An update on current projects involving wild and captive Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita. International Advisory Group for Northern Bald Ibis Newsletter.

Bowden, C. 2013. Northern bald ibis – Abrupt end to 2013 Turkish tagging release trial? Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Available at: http://www.rspb.org.uk/community/ourwork/b/biodiversity/archive/2013/10/21/northern-bald-ibis-abrupt-end-to-2013-turkish-tagging-release-trial.aspx. (Accessed: 29/07/2015).

Bowden, C. 2014. Northern bald ibis – the eastern population still exists…barely. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Available at: http://www.rspb.org.uk/community/ourwork/b/biodiversity/archive/2014/02/21/northern-bald-ibis-the-eastern-population-still-exists-barely.aspx. (Accessed: 29/07/2015).

Bowden, C. 2015. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita. AEWA Technical Series. Bonn, Germany.

Bowden, C. G. R.; Aghnaj, A.; Smith, K. W.; Ribi, M. 2003. The status and recent breeding performance of the critically endangered Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita population on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. Ibis 145: 419-431.

Brindley, E.; Dimmick, C.; Bowden, C.; Ribi, M.; Hoffmann, D.; del Nevo, A. 1995. The Bald Ibis: a species on the brink? RSPB Conservation Review 9: 76-79.

Brown, L.H., Urban, E.K. and Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

Collar, N. J.; Stuart, S. N. 1985. Threatened birds of Africa and related islands: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, and International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Cambridge, U.K.

Cramp, S.; Simmons, K. E. L. 1977. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic, vol. I: ostriches to ducks. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

El Bekkay, M.; Oubrou, W. 2004. The Bald ibis in Souss Massa Region (Morocco). International Advisory Group for Northern Bald Ibis Newsletter: 30-32.

Fritz, J. 2014. LIFE Northern Bald Ibis - Reason for Hope - Reintroduction of Northern Bald Ibis in Europe. LIFE12 BIO/AT/000143. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/project/Projects/index.cfm?fuseaction=search.dspPage&n_proj_id=4504#AD. (Accessed: 29/07/2014).

Hancock, J. A.; Kushlan, J. A.; Kahl, M. P. 1992. Storks, ibises and spoonbills of the world. Academic Press, London.

Hatipoglu, T. 2010. Northern Bald Ibis Project at Birecik Breeding Centre: yesterday, today and tomorrow. In: Boehm, C. and Bowden, C.G.R. (eds), Northern Bald Ibis Conservation and Reintroduction workshop. Proceedings of 3rd Meeting of International Advisory Group for Northern Bald Ibis (IAGNBI). November 2009. Palmyra, Syria.

Hirschfeld, E. 2008. Rare Birds Yearbook 2009: the world's 190 most threatened birds. MagDig Media Ltd., Shrewsbury, UK.

IAGNBI. 2012. International Advisory Group for the Northern Bald Ibis website. Available at: http://www.iagnbi.org/en/home.

Jimenez Armesto, M. J.; Boehm, C.; Bowden, C. 2006. International single species action plan for the conservation of the Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita. AEWA, Bonn, Germany.

Lindsell, J. A.; Serra, G.; Peske, L.; Abdullah, M. S.; Qaim, G. al; Kanani, A.; Wondafrash, M. 2009. Satellite tracking reveals the migration route and wintering area of the Middle East population of Critically Endangered Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita. Oryx 43(3): 329-335.

Lindsell, J.A., Shehab, A.H. and Anderson, G.Q.A. 2011. Patchiness in prey levels increases vulnerability of Critically Endangered Northern Bald Ibises Geronticus eremita on their Syrian breeding grounds. Bird Conservation International 21(274-283).

Matheu, E., del Hoyo, J., Kirwan, G.M. and Garcia, E.F.J. 2014. Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Mendelssohn, H. 1994. Experimental releases of Waldrapp Ibis Geronticus eremita: an unsuccessful trial. International Zoo Yearbook 33: 79-85.

Niemann, S. 2009. Poisoned ibises. Birds 22(5): 25.

Oubrou, W. and El Bekkay, M. 2013. Rapport sur la reproduction 2013 de la population des Ibis chauves dans la région de Souss-Massa. Report of the 2013 Northern Bald Ibis breeding season at Sous-Massa NP, Morocco. Available at: http://northernbaldibis.blogspot.co.uk/. (Accessed: 07/10/2013).

Oubrou, W. and El Bekkay, M. 2014. Rapport sur la reproduction de l’Ibis chauve dans la région de Souss-Massa. Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre la Désertification, Aires Protégées du Maroc, Parc National de Souss Massa.

Oubrou, W. and El Bekkay, M. 2015. Rapport sur la saison de reproduction de l'Ibis chauve Geronticus eremita dans la région Massa. Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre la Désertification, Aires Protégées du Maroc, Parc National de Souss Massa.

Pegoraro, K.; Föger, M.; Parson, W. 2001. First evidence of DNA sequence differences between Northern Bald Ibises (Geronticus eremita) of Moroccan and Turkish origin. Journal für Ornithologie 142: 425-428.

Safford, R. 2016. Saving the Iconic Northern Bald Ibis from extinction - Final report June 2012-June 2016 (unpublished). BirdLife International.

Serra, G. 2015. The Northern Bald Ibis is extinct in the Middle East - but we can't blame it on IS. The Ecologist. Available at: http://www.theecologist.org/News/news_analysis/2887380/the_northern_bald_ibis_is_extinct_in_the_middle_east_but_we_cant_blame_it_on_is.html. (Accessed: 29/07/2015).

Serra, G. and Wondafrash, M. 2009. Eco-ethological and conservation survey of N. Bald Ibises wintering in the Northern Shawa (Ethiopia) during 2008-09. EWNHS/IUCN report.

Serra, G., Bruschini, C., Peske, L., Kubsa, A., Wondafrash, M. and Lindsell, J.A. 2013. An assessment of ecological conditions and threats at the Ethiopian wintering site of the last known eastern colony of Critically Endangered Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita. Bird Conservation International 23: 399-413.

Serra, G.; Abdallah, M.; Assaed, A.; Abdallah, A.; Al Qiam, G.; Fayad, T.; Williamson, D. 2004. Discovery of a relict breeding colony of Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita in Syria. Oryx 38: 106-108.

Smith, K. W.; Aghnaj, A.; El Bekkay, M.; Oubrou, W.; Ribi, M.; Jimenez Armesto, M.; Bowden, C. G. R. 2008. The provision of supplementary fresh water improves the breeding success of the globally threatened Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita. Ibis 150(4): 728-734.

Touti, J.; Oumellouk, F.; Bowden, C. G. R.; Kirkwood, J. K.; Smith, K. W. 1999. Mortality incident in Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita in Morocco in May 1996. Oryx 33: 160-167.

UNEP/CMS. 2008. Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita). In: Vagg, R. (ed.), CMS Family Guide: the encyclopaedia of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, pp. Species 22. UNEP-CMS Secretariat, Bonn, Germany.

Wald, C. 2014. Flying lessons. BBC Wildlife August: 82-88.

Waldrappteam. 2014a. Breeding area Burghausen. Waldrappteam. Available at: http://waldrapp.eu/index.php/en/project-sites/breeding-area-burghausen. (Accessed: 29/07/2015).

Waldrappteam. 2014b. Reason for Hope. Waldrappteam Available at: http://waldrapp.eu/index.php/en/project/project-info. (Accessed: 30/07/2015).

Zoufal, K.; Fritz, J.; Bichler, M.; Kirbauer, M.; Markut, T.; Meran, I.; Riedler, B. 2006. Feeding ecology of the Northern Bald Ibis in its European winter and summer habitat: an experimental field study with hand-raised individuals. Journal of Ornithology 147(5): 279.

Further resources

African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) International Action Plan 2006

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

RSPB - Ecology of threatened species

RSPB - International Research - Northern Bald Ibis

Species Guardian Action Update

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources
Arkive species - Northern bald ibis (Geronticus eremita)

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Geronticus eremita. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/05/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/05/2017.