New Zealand Falcon Falco novaeseelandiae


Allen, G.T. & Ramirez, P. 1990. A review of bird deaths on barbed-wire fences. Wilson Bulletin 102(3): 553-558.

Bell, D. 2017. Distribution of New Zealand falcon (Falco novaeseelandiae): Results of a 10-year survey 2006-2016. Notornis 64: 234-238.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Fox, N. C. 1978. The distribution and numbers of New Zealand Falcons. Notornis 25: 317-331.

Fox, N.C. & Wynn, C. 2010. The impact of electrocution on the New Zealand falcon (Falco novaeseelandiae). Notornis 57: 71-74.

Gaze, P. & Hutzler, I. 2004. Changes in abundance of New Zealand falcon (Falco novaeseelandiae) in Marlborough. Notornis 51(2): 117-119.

Heather, B. D. & Robertson, H. A. 1997. The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Hyde, N.; Seaton, R. 2008. A new prey species for the New Zealand Bush Falcon (Falco novaeseelandiae). Notornis 55(1): 40-41.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-1. Available at: (Accessed: 21 July 2022).

Marchant, S. and Higgins, P.J. 1993. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, 2: raptors to lapwings. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

Miskelly, C.M.; Elliott, G.P.; Parker, G.C.; Rexer-Huber, K., Russ, R.B., Taylor, R.H., Tennyson, A.J.D., Walker, K.J. 2020. Birds of the Auckland Islands, New Zealand subantarctic. Notornis 67(1): 59-151.

Pawson, S.M., Ecroyd, C.E., Seaton, R., Shaw, W.B and Brockerhoff, E.G. 2010. New Zealand's exotic plantation forests as habitats for threatened indigenous species. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 34: 342-355.

Robertson, H.A., Baird, K.A., Elliott, G.P., Rodney, A., Hitchmough, N.J., Makan, T.D., Miskelly, C.M., O'Donnell, C.F.J., Sagar, P.M., Scofield, R.P., Taylor, G.A., Michel, P. 2021. Conservation status of birds in Aotearoa New Zealand, 2021. Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand.

Seaton, R. 2009. Pine trees and New Zealand Falcons. Wingspan 19(2): 20-21.

Seaton, R. 2009. The ecological requirements of the New Zealand Falcon Falco novaeseelandiae in plantation forests. Boobook 27(1): 25.

Seaton, R.; Holland, J. D.; Minot, E. O.; Springett, B. P. 2008. Natal dispersal of New Zealand Falcon (Falco novaeseelandiae) in plantation forests. Notornis 55(3): 140-145.

Seaton, R.; Hyde, N. 2008. Female New Zealand Falcon (Falco novaeseelandiae) breeds in its 1st year. Notornis 55(2): 114.

Seaton, R.; Hyde, N.; Holland, J. D.; Minot, E. O.; Springett, B. P. 2008. Breeding season diet and prey selection of the New Zealand Falcon (Falco novaeseelandiae) in a plantation forest. Journal of Raptor Research 42(4): 256-264.

Seaton, R.; Minot, E. O.; Holland, J. D. 2010. Nest-site selection of New Zealand Falcons (Falco novaeseelandiae) in plantation forests and the implications of this for forestry management. Emu 110: 316-323.

Stewart, D.; Hyde, N. 2004. New Zealand falcons (Falco novaeseelandiae) nesting in exotic plantations. Notornis 51(Part 2): 120-121.

Townsend, A.J., de Lange, P.J., Duffy, C.A.J., Miskelly, C.M., Molloy, J. and Norton, D.A. 2008. New Zealand Threat Classification System Manual. Department of Conservation, Wellington.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Falco novaeseelandiae. Downloaded from on 27/01/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/01/2023.