NT
New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon Ducula goliath



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A3d
2012 Near Threatened A3d
2008 Near Threatened A3d
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 22,700 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals good observed 0
Population trend Unknown poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 1-19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has been estimated at roughly 100,000 individuals (Gibbs et al. 2001).

Trend justification: There are no data on population trends; however, the species may be in decline owing to hunting and habitat degradation and is suspected to undergo a population decline in the future, particularly if there is any relaxation of hunting laws, or changes in the timing of the hunting season.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
New Caledonia (to France) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
New Caledonia (to France) Massif du Mé Kanin, Sphinx et Arago
New Caledonia (to France) Prokoméo
New Caledonia (to France) Presqu'île de Pindaï
New Caledonia (to France) Pic Ningua
New Caledonia (to France) Mé Maoya
New Caledonia (to France) Massifs du Grand Sud - entre le mont Humboldt et la rivière Bleue
New Caledonia (to France) Massif du Panié
New Caledonia (to France) Massif des Lèvres
New Caledonia (to France) Hautes vallées des rivières Néaoua, Koua et Kouaoua
New Caledonia (to France) Grand Koum
New Caledonia (to France) Goro Jé et haute vallée de la rivière Amoa
New Caledonia (to France) Goro Até et haute vallée de la rivière Tchamba
New Caledonia (to France) Forêt Plate
New Caledonia (to France) Entre Table Unio et Farino
New Caledonia (to France) Entre les monts Rembaï et Canala
New Caledonia (to France) Entre les monts Nakada et Do
New Caledonia (to France) Dent de Saint-Vincent
New Caledonia (to France) Bwa Opana
New Caledonia (to France) Boulinda
New Caledonia (to France) Aoupinié

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Ducula goliath. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/10/2021.