Nashville Warbler Leiothlypis ruficapilla


Taxonomic note

Leiothlypis ruficapilla (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously placed in the genus Vermivora following AOU (1998 & supplements); Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993); Stotz et al. (1996).


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,020,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 6,710,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 40000000 poor estimated 2019
Population trend stable estimated -
Generation length (years) 2.19 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 40 million mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).

Trend justification: The population has been fluctuating between 1970 and 2017 (Pardieck et al. 2018; Partners in Flight 2019); it is here tentatively assessed as overall stable.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Aruba (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Bahamas extant native yes
Belize extant vagrant yes
Canada extant native yes yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) extant native yes
Colombia extant vagrant yes
Costa Rica extant vagrant yes
Cuba extant vagrant yes
Dominican Republic extant vagrant yes
El Salvador extant native yes
Greenland (to Denmark) extant vagrant
Guadeloupe (to France) extant vagrant yes
Guatemala extant native yes
Haiti extant vagrant yes
Honduras extant vagrant yes
Jamaica extant vagrant yes
Mexico extant native yes yes
Panama extant vagrant yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) extant vagrant yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) extant vagrant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) extant vagrant yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) extant vagrant yes
USA extant native yes yes yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Leiothlypis ruficapilla. Downloaded from on 22/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/09/2023.