Murphy's Petrel Pterodroma ultima


Bailey, S. F.; Pyle, P.; Spear, L. B. 1989. Dark Pterodroma petrels in the North Pacific: identification, status, and North American occurrence. American Birds 43: 400-415.

Bell, B.; Bell, D. 1998. Pitcairn paradise preserved. World Birdwatch 20: 8-11.

Brooke, M. 2010. Important Bird Areas: Henderson Island. British Birds 103: 428-444.

Brooke, M. de L. 1995. The breeding biology of the gadfly petrels Pterodroma spp. of the Pitcairn Islands: characteristics, population sizes and controls. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 213-231.

Brooke, M. de L. 2004. Albatrosses and Petrels Across the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Brooke, M. de L. Towns, D. R. 2008. A Feasibility Study for the Eradication of Kiore Rattus exulans from Henderson Island. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds: Sandy, UK.

Brooke, M. de L., Bonnaud, E., Dilley, B. J., Flint, E. N., Holmes, N. D., Jones, H. P., Provost, P., Rocamora, G., Ryan, P. G., Surman, C., & Buxton, R. T. 2018. Seabird population changes following mammal eradications on islands. Animal Conservation 21(1): 3-12.

Brooke, M. de L.; O’Connell, T.C.; Wingate, D.; Madeiros, J.; Hilton, G.M.; Ratcliffe, N. 2010. Potential for rat predation to cause decline of the Globally Threatened Henderson Petrel Pterodroma Atrata: Evidence from the field, stable isotopes and population modelling. Endangered Species Research 11(1): 47-59.

Brooke, L. 2019. Rat eradication in the Pitcairn Islands, South Pacific: a 25-year perspective. In: Veitch, C.R., Clout, M.N., Martin, A.R., Russell, J.C., & West, C.J. (ed.), Island invasives: scaling up to meet the challenge, pp. 95-99. IUCN, Gland.

Churchyard, T.; Proud, T.; Brooke,; O'Keefe, S.; Warren, P.; Rodden, M. 2013. Henderson Island Trip Report 2013. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, UK.

Clay, T. A., Phillips, R. A., Manica, A., Jackson, H. A., & Brooke, M de L. 2017. Escaping the oligotrophic gyre? The year-round movements, foraging behaviour and habitat preferences of Murphy’s petrels. Marine Ecology Progress Series 579: 139-155.

Flood, R.L.; Wilson, A.C.;Danzenbaker, M.; Ryan, J.; Shemilt, J.; Zufelt, K. 2016. Three Murphy's Petrels Pterodroma ultima off the Juan Fernandez Islands, Chile, November 2014. Cotinga 38: 110-112.

Flores, Marcelo A., Roberto P. Schlatter, and Rodrigo Hucke-Gaete. 2014. Seabirds of Easter Island, Salas y Gomez Island and Desventuradas Islands, southeastern Pacific Ocean. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research 42(4).

Garnett, M. C. 1984. Conservation of seabirds in the South Pacific region: a review. In: Croxall, J.P.; Evans, P.G.H.; Schreiber, R.W. (ed.), Status and conservation of the world's seabirds, pp. 547-558. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Gill, B. J. 1996. Notes on certain Cook Island birds. Notornis 43: 154-159.

Holyoak, D. T.; Thibault, J. -C. 1984. Contribution à l'étude des oiseaux de Polynésie orientale. Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle - Serie A: Zoologie 127: 1-209.

Imber, M. J.; Jolly, J. N.; Brooke, M. De L. 1995. Food of three sympatric gadfly petrels (Pterodroma spp.) breeding on the Pitcairn Islands. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 233-240.

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Kenyon, J. K.; Morgan, K. H.; Bentley, M. D.; McFarlane Tranquilla, L. A.; Moore, K. E. 2009. Atlas of pelagic seabirds off the west coast of Canada and adjacent areas. Tech. Rep. Ser. No. 499, Can. Wildl. Serv., Env. Canada, Delta, BC..

Thibault, J.-C.; Bretagnolle, V. 1999. Breeding seabirds of Gambier Islands, Eastern Polynesia: numbers and changes during the 20th century. Emu 99: 100-107.

Thibault, J.-C.; Varney, A. 1991. Breeding seabirds of Rapa (Polynesia): numbers and changes during the 20th century. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 111: 70-77.

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Pterodroma ultima. Downloaded from on 07/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 07/12/2022.