Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens


Taxonomic note

Oenanthe lugens (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously split as O. lugens and O. lugentoides following AERC TAC (2003); Cramp et al. (1977-1994); Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993).


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 16,500,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 16,000,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as generally locally common to abundant in north Africa, although scarce in Morocco and Tunisia and common in Israel and north-eastern and eastern Africa (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Cyprus V Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Mauritania V Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant Yes
Oman V Extant Yes
Pakistan U Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey V Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
Yemen V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Algeria Belezma
Algeria Béni Abbès
Algeria Parc National du Tassili N'Ajjer
Algeria Parc National de l'Ahaggar
Egypt Nabq Protected Area
Egypt Gebel Elba
Egypt The Abraq area
Egypt St Katherine Protectorate
Egypt Gebel Maghara
Egypt Quseima
Egypt Wadi Gerafi
Egypt El Qasr desert
Egypt Ain Sukhna
Libya Zallaf
Morocco Jbel Krouz
Morocco Piste de Tagdilt
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat
Morocco Dakhla area
Mauritania Kediet ej Jill
Sudan Wadi Halfa
Tunisia Steppe de Gafsa
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour
Tunisia Sidi Toui
Morocco Oued Mird
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bamou National Park
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Monde Protected Area
Jordan Burqu'
Jordan Dana
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Oman Halaaniyaat Islands
Oman Wadi Darbat
Saudi Arabia At-Tubayq
Saudi Arabia National Wildlife Research Center and environs, Taif
Saudi Arabia Taif escarpment
Saudi Arabia Wadi Turabah and Jabal Ibrahim
Saudi Arabia Shallal ad-Dahna
Saudi Arabia Al-Habrow al-Arabi
Saudi Arabia Raydah escarpment
Saudi Arabia Jabal Fayfa
Saudi Arabia Wadi Jawwah
Yemen Ma'rib - Naqil Fardah - Baraqish
Yemen Kawkaban - Shibam
Yemen Mahwit
Yemen Jabal al-Nabi Shu'ayb
Yemen Haraz mountains
Yemen Jabal Bura
Yemen Jabal Sumarah
Yemen High mountains of Ibb
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Yemen Hawf deciduous cloud forest
Yemen Ra's Fartak
Yemen Qishn beach
Yemen Wadi al-Birayn
Yemen Jabal Iraf
Lebanon Semi Deserts of Ras Baalbek

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Desert Hot suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Altitude 1000 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Oenanthe lugens. Downloaded from on 03/07/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/07/2022.