Mount Kupe Bush-shrike Chlorophoneus kupeensis


Taxonomic note
Chlorophoneus kupeensis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as Telophorus kupeensis.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- D B1ab(i,ii,iii,v); D1+2

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Endangered D
2016 Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii,v); D
2012 Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii,v);D
2008 Endangered B1a+b(i,ii,iii,v); C2a(i); D1
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Critically Endangered
1994 Critically Endangered
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency high
Land-mass type continent
Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 7,300 km2 medium
Number of locations 5 -
Severely fragmented? yes -
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 50-249 mature individuals good estimated 2000
Population trend decreasing medium suspected -
Generation length 4.4 years - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -

Population justification: If the altitudinal range and status of the species near Lake Edib are similar to those on Mt Kupe, the population in central Bakossi could be c.50 pairs, thus the population is best placed in the range 50-249 mature individuals. This equates to 75-374 individuals in total, rounded here to 70-400 individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline at an unquantified rate owing to the clearance of the species's forest habitat for agriculture (Dowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett 1998d; F. Dowsett-Lemaire in litt.1999).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Cameroon extant native yes
Nigeria extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cameroon Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary
Cameroon Bakossi mountains
Cameroon Mount Kupe

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Altitude 850 - 1485 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 4
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Chlorophoneus kupeensis. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/mount-kupe-bush-shrike-chlorophoneus-kupeensis on 09/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 09/12/2023.