NT
Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata



Justification

Justification of Red List Category
This poorly known seabird breeds on only a few moderately small islands; on a number of these there are introduced predators and the population is therefore thought to be declining. It is consequently classified as Near Threatened.

Population justification
Brooke (2004)

Trend justification
There are no data, the species is thought to be declining due to the depredations of introduced predators on the breeding grounds.

Distribution and population

Pterodroma inexpectata is endemic to New Zealand. It breeds on islands off Fiordland, the Solander Islands, Foveaux Strait islands, islands around Stewart Island (including Titi islands, Codfish, Big South Cape Islands, and islets in Port Pegasus) and the Snares Islands (Marchant and Higgins 1990, Heather and Robertson 1997). It once bred throughout the North and South Islands, and possibly the Chatham, Bounty, Antipodes and Auckland Islands (Marchant and Higgins 1990, Heather and Robertson 1997). There are c.10,000+ pairs on each of Big South Cape and Main Islands (Heather and Robertson 1997), and the Codfish population was estimated at 300,000-400,000 pairs in 1996 (Taylor 2000). It migrates to the north Pacific as far as the northern Gulf of Alaska and the southern half of the Bering Sea and in summer can range as far south as the pack ice (Ainley and Manolis 1979, Marchant and Higgins 1990, Heather and Robertson 1997, Ogi et al. 1999.). 

Ecology

It breeds in burrows on remote offshore islands and otherwise ranges widely at sea.

Threats

Weka Gallirallus australis have been introduced to several colonies, and have caused significant losses on Codfish Island (Taylor 2000). Black rat Rattus rattus is present on Big South Cape Island, and may have a severe impact on breeding success. Some populations are on islands that are regularly harvested for Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus chicks, and the impact of trampling of burrows and incidental take is not known (Heather and Robertson 1997, Taylor 2000).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor suitable colonies to assess population trends. Complete pest plan to prevent and enable rapid responses to new species introductions. Eradicate Weka G. australis from Big Solander Island, and Weka and Black rat R. rattus from Big South Cape Island, on agreement with owners. 

Acknowledgements

Text account compilers
Mahood, S., McClellan, R., Moreno, R., Morgan, K., O'Brien, A., Symes, A., Taylor, J.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Pterodroma inexpectata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/05/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/05/2017.