LC
Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,250,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 500000-4999999 poor estimated 2016
Population trend decreasing inferred 2006-2024
Decline % (10 years/3 generations future) 1-19 - - -
Decline % (10 years/3 generations past and future) 1-19 - - -
Generation length (years) 6.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 500,000-4,999,999 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2019).

Trend justification:

The species is undergoing a moderate decline (Partners in Flight 2019). A remote-sensing study found that forest loss within its range over three generations was potentially 12% over three generations (Tracewski et al. 2016); thus the species may be declining at a rate <20% over three generations.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Belize extant native yes
Costa Rica extant native yes
Guatemala extant native yes
Honduras extant native yes
Mexico extant native yes
Nicaragua extant native yes
Panama extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Panama San San Pond Sak Wetlands
Panama La Amistad International Park
Panama Palo Seco Protection Forest
Guatemala Maya - Lacandón
Guatemala Rio La Pasion
Guatemala Sacranix
Guatemala Lachuá - Ik'bolay
Guatemala Candelaria - Campur
Guatemala Guatemalan Caribbean Slope
Nicaragua Bosawas
Nicaragua Indio Maíz
Nicaragua Los Guatuzos
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate
Belize Northeastern Belize
Belize Crooked Tree and associated wetlands
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves
Belize Belize Coastal and near shore islands
Costa Rica Arenal-Monteverde
Costa Rica Central Volcanic Cordillera
Costa Rica La Amistad Caribe
Costa Rica Caribbean lowlands and wetlands
Honduras Rio Platano
Honduras Tawahka
Honduras Pico Bonito
Honduras Valle de Agalta

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 1500 m

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Psarocolius montezuma. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/montezuma-oropendola-psarocolius-montezuma on 04/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 04/10/2023.