LC
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Caprimulgus poliocephalus (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously split as C. poliocephalus and C. ruwenzorii following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Not Recognised
2008 Not Recognised
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 42 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,390,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally common throughout its range (del Hoyo et al. 1999, Cleere 2010).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Mount Moco
Burundi Kibira National Park
Burundi Bururi Forest Nature Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Hoyo Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Kabobo
Eritrea Semenawi Bahri
Ethiopia Yegof forest
Ethiopia Entoto Natural Park and escarpment
Ethiopia Sululta plain
Ethiopia Tiro Boter - Becho forest
Ethiopia Bale Mountains National Park
Kenya Aberdare Mountains
Kenya Kikuyu Escarpment forest
Kenya Mount Kenya
Kenya Chyulu Hills forests
Kenya Nairobi National Park
Kenya Cherangani Hills
Kenya Masai Mara
Kenya Mau forest complex
Kenya Mau Narok - Molo grasslands
Kenya South Nguruman
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya)
Malawi Misuku Hills Forest Reserves
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi)
Malawi Uzumara Forest Reserve
Malawi South Viphya Forest Reserve
Rwanda Volcans National Park
Rwanda Cyamudongo forest
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
South Sudan Imatong mountains
South Sudan Kidepo
Tanzania Arusha National Park and vicinity
Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park
Tanzania Njombe forests
Tanzania South Pare Mountains
Tanzania Mount Rungwe
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Tanzania Umalila Mountains
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains
Tanzania Longido Game Controlled Area
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area
Uganda Echuya Forest Reserve
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Ruwenzori (Rwenzori) Mountains National Park
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park
Zambia Nyika National Park (Zambia)
Saudi Arabia Taif escarpment
Saudi Arabia Wadi Turabah and Jabal Ibrahim
Saudi Arabia Raydah escarpment
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountain Range
Zambia Mafinga Mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Altitude 1000 - 3350 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Caprimulgus poliocephalus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2020.