Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus


Berger-Geiger, B., Galizia, C. G. and Arroyo, B. 2019. Montagu’s Harrier breeding parameters in relation to weather, colony size and nest protection schemes: a long?term study in Extremadura, Spain. Journal of Ornithology 160: 429-441.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. In prep.. European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Brown, L.H., Urban, E.K. and Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1994. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 2: New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Derlink, M., Wernham, C., Bertoncelj, I., Kovács, A., Saurola, P., Duke, G., Movalli, P. and Vrezec, A. 2018. A review of raptor and owl monitoring activity across Europe: its implications for capacity building towards pan-European monitoring. Bird Study 65: S4-S20.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Ganesh, T. and Prashanth, M. B. 2018. A first compilation of harrier roost counts from India suggests population declines of wintering birds over 30 years. Ardea 106: 19-29.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Schaub, T., Klaassen, R. H. G., Bouten, W., Schlaich, A. E. and Koks, B. J. 2020. Collision risk of Montagu’s Harriers Circus pygargus with wind turbines derived from high-resolution GPS tracking. Ibis 162: 520-534.

Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

SoIB. 2020. State of India’s Birds factsheet: Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus. Available at:

STRIX. 2012. Developing and testing the methodology for assessing and mapping the sensitivity of migratory birds to wind energy development. BirdLife International, Cambridge.

Thiollay, J.-M. 2006. The decline of raptors in West Africa: long-term assessment and the role of protected areas. Ibis 148: 240-254.

Williams, V. L., Cunningham, A. B., Bruyns, R. K. and Kemp, A. C. 2013. Birds of a Feather: Quantitative Assessments of the Diversity and Levels of Threat to Birds Used in African Traditional Medicine. In: Nobrega, R. R. and Rosa, I. L. (eds), Animals in Traditional Folk Medicine: Implications for Conservation, pp. 383-420. Springer, Berlin.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources
Euro Bird Portal

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Circus pygargus. Downloaded from on 25/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/06/2022.