Mindanao Highland Scops-owl Otus mirus


Justification of Red List Category
This apparently rare species is restricted to montane forests at a few locations on Mindanao and is estimated to have a very small range. Although forests in its range have not been adversely impacted by logging to date, they may be threatened by future operations, and the species is consequently listed as Near Threatened.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as apparently rare (Konig et al. 1999).

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in slow decline owing to on-going habitat destruction.

Distribution and population

Otus mirus is endemic to Mindanao in the Philippines, where it has been recorded from Mt Hilong-hilong, Mt Apo, Mt Kitanglad and Lake Sebu (Collar et al. 1999). Although described as rare, this is a species of higher elevations and is probably not seriously threatened.


The species occurs in montane forests.


Forests within its altitudinal range have not been as severely affected by logging, mining operations and clearance for agriculture as forests at lower elevations.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
This species is poorly known and requires study before its status and threats can be accurately assessed. As a precaution, protect significant areas of suitable forest, in both strictly protected areas and community led multiple use areas.


Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Otus mirus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/02/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/02/2020.