Mikado Pheasant Syrmaticus mikado


Justification of Red List Category
Although probably secure inside protected areas, this species is suffering from persistant hunting and the problems associated with habitat loss. It is likely to have a moderately small population and range, which are declining, and it is therefore considered Near Threatened.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as reasonably common (Madge and McGowan 2002). The population in Yushan National Park is estimated as c.10,000 individuals (Madge and McGowan 2002), representing a significant proportion of the species' global population. The global population estimate has has therefore been placed in the range of c.10,000-19,999 individuals. This equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals. Brazil (2009) estimates the population of Taiwan at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, the species is suspected to be in decline owing to hunting and habitat degradation.

Distribution and population

Syrmaticus mikado is found in the mountains of central Taiwan (China). Yushan National Park was recently estimated to hold c.10,000 individuals, and the species is also known from several other protected areas. There may be some decline in its numbers outside protected areas but its high-altitude habitats are relatively secure and it is tolerant of secondary growth.


It inhabits forest with dense undergrowth and bamboo on steep mountain slopes between 1,800 and 3,300 m and possibly higher.


Heavy hunting pressure was a problem for it in the past, and appears to be returning at some sites, even within protected areas (C.L. Bridgman in litt. 2003). It has undoubtedly declined because of habitat loss, as driven by infrastructure development and landslides, and, in the long term, sub-populations may become isolated in protected areas.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix I.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Regularly monitor the population at selected sites. Asses the effect of hunting both inside and outside protected areas. Conduct local education programmes to discourage hunting. Enforce the protection afforded to the species by protected areas.


Text account compilers
Taylor, J., Mahood, S., Keane, A. & Benstead, P.

Bridgman, C.L.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Syrmaticus mikado. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2020.