Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius


BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

EBCC. 2015. Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme. Available at:

Hagemeijer, E.J.M. and Blair, M.J. 1997. The EBCC atlas of European breeding birds: their distribution and abundance. T. and A. D. Poyser, London.

Pasinelli, G., Weggler, M. and Mulhauser, B. 2008. Plan d’action Pic mar Suisse. Programme de conservation des oiseaux en Suisse. L’environnement pratique no 0805. Office fédéral de l’environnement, Station ornithologique suisse, Association Suisse pour la Protection des Oiseaux ASPO/BirdLife Suisse, Berne, Sempach and Zurich.

Robles, H., Ciudad, C., Vera, R ., Olea, P.P., Purroy, F.J., and Matthysen, E. 2007. Sylvopastoral management and conservation of the middle spotted woodpecker at the south-western edge of its distribution range. Forest ecology and management 242(2): 343-352.

Winkler, H., Christie, D.A., Kirwan, G.M. and de Juana, E. 2014. Middle Spotted Woodpecker (Leiopicus medius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Leiopicus medius. Downloaded from on 22/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/05/2022.