Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius


Taxonomic note
Leiopicus medius (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Dendrocopos.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass 59 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,580,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 600000-1399999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -

Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 301,000-678,000 pairs, which equates to 602,000-1,360,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1989 and 2013 show that the population was stable (EBCC 2015). The short-term population trend (2000-2012) in Europe is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extinct Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein V Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extinct Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds)
Czechia Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko
Czechia Pálava
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Bosutska forest
Bosnia and Herzegovina Boracko jezero
Azerbaijan Alazani river valley
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley
Azerbaijan Astara-chai valley
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest
Azerbaijan Girkan forest
Azerbaijan Ilisu area
Azerbaijan Kusari (Gusari) area
Azerbaijan Lachin area
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Azerbaijan Shamkhor area
Azerbaijan Vilajchai valley
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone
Latvia Durbe lake meadows
Latvia Abeli
Latvia Ukri forest
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Derventski Heights
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Romania Socodor wood
Romania Dobron forest
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Belgium Côte Bajocienne
Belgium Sinémurienne
Belgium Haute Sûre/Ardenne méridionale
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel
Belgium Saint-Hubert
Belgium Daverdisse
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Croix-Scaille
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Marche en Famenne
Belgium Malchamps
Belgium Vallée de la Lienne
Moldova Hâncești Forest
Moldova Beech Land Forest
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Foloi
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Belarus Polesye valley of river Buh
Hungary Mátra
Hungary Bükk
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Hungary Inner Somogy
Russia (European) Mouth of Samur river
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland
Russia (European) Lower Urushten river
Russia (European) Gavan'skie oak-forest
Russia (European) Kaluzhskiye Zaseki Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Muniellos
Spain Izki mountains
Spain Riaño
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges
Spain Degaña-Hermo
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Turbón-Espés-Sis
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Bassigny
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Fresnes-en-Woëvre-Mars-la-Tour
France Bazoncourt-Vigy
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Forêt domaniale de la Harth
France Forêt de Haguenau
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin.
France Forêt de Jugny
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Brenne centrale
France Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez
France Brenne: Forêt de la Petite-Brenne
France Brenne: Forêt de Lancosme
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Forêt de Chaux
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Etang et Forêt de Villefermoy
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp
France Forêts picardes : massif de Saint-Gobain
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Forêt du Gavre
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Gargano promontory
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure
Czechia Zehunský rybník pond
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Doupov hills
Serbia Zasavica
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Syslovské fields
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia River Danube flood-plain
Slovakia Tríbec
Slovakia Polana
Slovakia Medzibodrozie
Slovakia Lest
Slovakia Vihorlat
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolicke hills
Slovakia Burda
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Resava gorge
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria Lobau
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Lower Mur valley
Switzerland Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur
Germany Hakel
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Serrahn
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Rhein: Greffern-Murgmündung-Neuburgweier
Germany Hördter Rheinaue
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Landgraben-Dumme lowlands
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Ploetzkau flood-plain forest
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Orchard landscape between Hohenstaufen and Teck in the mid-Albvorland
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Möhnesee
Germany Wet grasslands and forests around Burbach
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Knüll
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Kellerwald
Germany Hessian Rothaar mountains
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Reservoir near Affoldern
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Schwarza and Schlücht valleys
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Germany Northern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Rhine flats Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Rhine flats Nonnenweier - Kehl
Germany Rhine flats Neuenburg - Breisach
Germany Rhine flats Kehl-Helmlingen
Germany Rhine flats Haltingen - Neuenburg and foothills
Germany Enz valley Mühlhausen - Roßwag
Germany Schönbuch with Spitzberg
Germany Orchards, heathlands and forests around Weil der Stadt
Germany Orchards and vineyards between Waldhausen and Geradstetten
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Stromberg
Germany Orchards and oakwoods near Filderstadt and Echterdingen
Germany Woodlands of Western Pomerania, northern range
Germany Feldberg-Woldegk terminal moraine
Germany Sachsenwald
Croatia River Drava
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Turopolje
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Lithuania Dotnuva-Josvainiai forest complex
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Lithuania Lanciunava forest
Lithuania Gruzai, Uzulenis, Taujenai, Skaistuziai and neighbouring forests complex
Lithuania Punia forest
Lithuania Baldieriskis forest
Russia (European) Vicinity of Dakhovka
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Russia (European) Laman-Kam area
Russia (European) Caucasus Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Akhmet-Skala ridge
Russia (European) Rubezhnoye forest
Belarus Brycalavičskaja Pušča
Belarus Prypiackija baloty
Czechia Litovelske Pomoravi
Czechia Bzenecka Doubrava-Straznicke Pomoravi
Czechia Hlubocké obory deer parks
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest
Russia (European) Kulikovski forest
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Salaca valley
Latvia Dunika bog
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Aiviekste flood-plain
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Panemune forest
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain
Latvia Vecumi
Latvia Augstroze
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs
Bulgaria Belasitza mountain
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Persenk
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Forêts du Perche
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Etang de Lindre
France Forêt de la Reine
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France La Dombes
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
Bulgaria Krumovitza
Russia (European) Kletnyanski forest
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ilam area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Dena, and Yasuj and Sisakht area
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Machland
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Ukraine Ratsynska Dacha Zakaznik
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Ukraine Krasnopols'kyj Forest
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Insko Site
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Barlinek Forest
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Krotoszyn Oak Forest
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Lukow Forests
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Polesie
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Slovenia Kozjansko - Jovsi
Turkey İğneada Forests
Turkey İlgaz Mountains
Hungary Börzsöny
Slovakia Strazovske hills
Croatia Grudnjak and Nasice Carp Fishponds
Croatia Mt Bilogora and Kalnik
Croatia Pokuplje Basin
Turkey Terkos Basin
Turkey Uludağ
Turkey Yenice forest
Italy Matese
Italy Picentini mountains
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa
Italy Agri Valley
Turkey Küre Mountains
Turkey Karçal Mountains
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
Germany Gülzower Holz and Rühlauer Forst
Germany Lauerholz
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Germany Ahlhorner fishponds
Germany Forests south of Wolfsburg
Germany Korker Wald
Germany Gottswald
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Ammersee
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Hasbruch
Germany Hildesheim forest
Germany Solling
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Niederlausitzer Heidegebiete
Germany Vorland of the Mittlere Schwäbische Alb
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Mooswälder near Freiburg
Germany Mittlerer Rammert
Germany Danube valley Scheer-Zwiefaltendorf
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Spessart
Germany Rocks and slope forests in the Altmühl and Danube valleys
Germany Sandstone rocks of Untermain
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Northern Danube valley and southern Riesalb
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Bodanrück and Mindelsee
Germany Wurzacher Ried
Germany Rhine flats Altlußheim-Mannheim
Germany Danube valley Untermarchtal-Ulm
Germany Rhine flats Breisach - Sasbach with Limberg
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Rhine flats between mouth of Rench and mouth of Murg
Germany Rhine flats Elchesheim-Karlsruhe
Germany Schwetzinger and Hockenheimer Hardt
Germany Baar
Germany Wernauer and Unterensinger gravel pits
Germany Ponds and forests near Maulbronn
Germany Ingerkinger Moore and adjoining forests
Germany St. Leoner Bruch and Reilinger Wiesen
Germany Bergstraße Dossenheim-Schriesheim
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Werra lowlands near Wanfried and Eschwege
Germany Mönchbruch of Mörfelden and Rüsselsheim and heath extensions (GG)
Germany Hauberge near Haiger
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Southern Sandstone-Odenwald
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Selenter See
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Davert
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Kisdorfer Wohld
Germany Mouth of river Schwarze Elster
Germany Annaburger Heide
Germany Hambacher Forst
Germany Egge
Germany Rurtal, Kermeter, Vogelsang and Kalterherberg
Germany Lahn slopes
Germany Middle Rhine valley
Germany Forests between Wittlich and Cochem
Germany Bedhard west of Bitburg
Germany Otterstadter and Angelhofer Altrhein incl. Binsfeld
Germany Speyerer Wald, Nonnenwald and Bachauen between Geinsheim and Hanhofen
Germany Offenbacher Wald, Bellheimer Wald and Queichwiesen
Germany Berghausener and Lingenfelder Altrhein incl. Flotzgrün island
Germany Bienwald and Viehstrichwiesen
Germany Goldgrund and Daxlander Au
Germany Forests west of Kirchheimbolanden
Germany Saarkohlenwald
Germany Heidmoor lowlands
Germany Warder See
Romania Cursul Mijlociu al Someşului
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Dorohoi - Şaua Bucecei
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Babadag wood
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului
Romania Fizes valley
Luxembourg Region of the Middle Lias
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler
Poland Elblag Height
Lithuania Buda - Pravieniskes forest complex
Lithuania Babtai-Varlenai forest complex
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Oswin site
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Strzeleckie forests
Poland Janów forests
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Roztocze
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Mircze Site
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia Dobrava - Jovsi
Armenia Haghartsin
Belarus Ipuć floodplain
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Moldova Dniester River between Naslavcea - Soroca
Moldova Royal Forest
Croatia Spacva Basin
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Haanja
Greece Mount Pilio
Netherlands Singraven e.o. Denekamp
Netherlands Zuidoost-Achterhoek
Netherlands Heuvellanden Zuid-Limburg
Netherlands Landgoederen Oldenzaal
Netherlands Lonnekerberg & Lonnekerveld e.o.
Estonia Lahemaa
Serbia Stara mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 0 - 2300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Leiopicus medius. Downloaded from on 10/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 10/08/2020.