LC
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Leiopicus medius (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Dendrocopos.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass 59.0 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,580,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 600000-1399999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -

Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 301,000-678,000 pairs, which equates to 602,000-1,360,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1989 and 2013 show that the population was stable (EBCC 2015). The short-term population trend (2000-2012) in Europe is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extinct Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein V Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extinct Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Austria Lower Mur valley
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Azerbaijan Astara-chai valley
Belarus Brycalavičskaja Pušča
Belarus Ipuć floodplain
Belarus Polesye valley of river Buh
Belarus Prypiackija baloty
Belgium Daverdisse
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Haute Sûre/Ardenne méridionale
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Sinémurienne
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Croatia Grudnjak and Nasice Carp Fishponds
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Mt Bilogora and Kalnik
Croatia Pokuplje Basin
Croatia Spacva Basin
Czechia Bzenecka Doubrava-Straznicke Pomoravi
Czechia Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko
Czechia Hlubocké obory deer parks
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds)
Czechia Litovelske Pomoravi
Czechia Pálava
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
France Bassigny
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Forêt de Chaux
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs
France Forêt de Haguenau
France Forêt de Jugny
France Forêt domaniale de la Harth
France Forêt du Gavre
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz
France Forêts picardes : massif de Saint-Gobain
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
Georgia Iori Region
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Bedhard west of Bitburg
Germany Bienwald and Viehstrichwiesen
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Davert
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Egge
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Forests south of Wolfsburg
Germany Forests west of Kirchheimbolanden
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Hakel
Germany Hambacher Forst
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Hildesheim forest
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Kisdorfer Wohld
Germany Knüll
Germany Korker Wald
Germany Lahn slopes
Germany Lauerholz
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Middle Rhine valley
Germany Möhnesee
Germany Mönchbruch of Mörfelden and Rüsselsheim and heath extensions (GG)
Germany Niederlausitzer Heidegebiete
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Rhine flats Kehl-Helmlingen
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Sachsenwald
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Germany Solling
Germany Spreewald
Germany Stechlin
Germany Stromberg
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Vorland of the Mittlere Schwäbische Alb
Germany Wahner Heide
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Mount Foloi
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Valtou mountains
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Italy Agri Valley
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Picentini mountains
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Ukri forest
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Zvarde forest
Lithuania Babtai-Varlenai forest complex
Lithuania Baldieriskis forest
Lithuania Buda - Pravieniskes forest complex
Lithuania Dotnuva-Josvainiai forest complex
Lithuania Gruzai, Uzulenis, Taujenai, Skaistuziai and neighbouring forests complex
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone
Lithuania Lanciunava forest
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler
Luxembourg Region of the Middle Lias
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure
Moldova Beech Land Forest
Moldova Hâncești Forest
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Elblag Height
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Krotoszyn Oak Forest
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Rogalin Site
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Babadag wood
Romania Cursul Mijlociu al Someşului
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Dorohoi - Şaua Bucecei
Romania Fizes valley
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului
Russia (European) Caucasus Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Gavan'skie oak-forest
Russia (European) Lower Urushten river
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest
Serbia Bosutska forest
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Strazovske hills
Slovakia Vihorlat
Slovenia Dobrava - Jovsi
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Slovenia River Mura
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Izki mountains
Spain Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Riaño
Turkey Yenice forest
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 0 - 2300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Leiopicus medius. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2019.