Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 20 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,940,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 4,810,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 120000-349999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 36,300-105,000 pairs, which equates to 72,600-209,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.60% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 121,000-348,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: This population is estimated to be declining following widespread declines late in the 20th century owing to an array of factors (Harris and Franklin 2000). In Europe the trend between 1998 and 2013 shows a moderate decline (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria V Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kenya V Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya V Extant
Mali N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain V Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Cyprus Atsas-Agios Theodoros Area
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia
Cyprus Pafos Forest
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Cyprus Troodos Forest
Cyprus Vouni Panagias
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley
Greece Asvestades - Vrysika area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Iraq Amedi and Sulav
Iraq Amedi and Sulav
Iraq Bakhma and Bradost Mountain
Iraq Barzan Area and Gali Balnda
Iraq Benavi and Sararu
Iraq Chami Razan
Iraq Doli Smaquli and Ashab
Iraq Gara Mountain and Garagu
Iraq Hawraman Area
Iraq Mangesh
Iraq Peramagroon Mountain
Iraq Qara Dagh
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
North Macedonia Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino
North Macedonia Lake Mantovo and river Lakavica
North Macedonia River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka
North Macedonia River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica
Syria Jabal Slenfeh
Syria Mount Hermon
Turkey Alaçatı
Turkey Amanos Mountains
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula
Turkey Dilek Peninsula
Turkey Güllük Mountain
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands
Turkey Köprüçay Valley
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Lanius nubicus. Downloaded from on 25/02/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/02/2020.