VU
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - A2cd+3cd+4cd

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd
2012 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd
2008 Vulnerable A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 26,500,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium estimated 2016
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 30-49 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 30-49 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated at c.55,000-61,000 individuals, based on estimates of 3,000-5,000 in the west Mediterranean and West Africa (T. Dodman in litt. 2002); 1,000 in the east Mediterranean; 5,000 in south Asia, and 46,000-50,000 individuals in south-western Asia (Wetlands International 2016).

Trend justification: Prior to the discovery of the large population in Iraq, the overall population trend was thought to be decreasing, although some populations are fluctuating and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2016). In Europe the population size is estimated to be decreasing by at least 10% in 21 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania V Extant
Algeria N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina V Extant
Bulgaria U Extant
Burkina Faso U Extant
Cameroon N Extant Yes Yes
Cape Verde N Extinct Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extinct Yes
Czechia V Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
France V Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Georgia U Extant
Germany V Extant
Greece U Extant
Hungary V Extant
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait V Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Malta V Extant
Mauritania U Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes Yes
Niger U Extant Yes Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extinct Yes
Oman V Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Qatar V Extant
Romania V Extant
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara U Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Lake Boz-Koba
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Lake Ych-chala (Novogolovka-chala)
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Kulu Lake
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Hotamış Marshes
Turkey Göksu Delta
Turkey Tuzla lake
Turkey Akyatan Lake
Turkey Lake Van
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Evros delta
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Spain Medina and Puerto Real lagoons
Spain Lagunas de El Puerto de Santa María
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans
Spain El Hondo wetland
Spain El Moro marshes
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon
Spain Guadalentín saltmarshes
Spain Wetlands of western Almería
Spain Lebrija, Las Cabezas and Espera lagoons
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes
Spain Pego-Oliva marshes
Spain Los Tollos lake
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Azerbaijan Shorgel lakes/Shirvan reserve
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Jordan Northern Jordan Valley (North Ghor)
Algeria Marais de Mekhada
Algeria Barrage de Boughzoul
Algeria Marais de la Macta
Algeria Sebkha d'Oran
Morocco Marais Larache
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Morocco Merja Zerga
Morocco Barrage Mohamed V
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba
Morocco Dwiyate
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane
Morocco Sidi Moussa - Oualidia
Morocco Barrage al Massira
Morocco Sebkha Zima
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat
Morocco Barrage al Mansour Ad-Dhabi
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Morocco Plage Blanche - Ras Takoumba
Morocco Msseyed
Mali Mare de Gossi
Tunisia Ichkeul
Tunisia Barrage Mornaguia
Tunisia Lagune de Soliman
Tunisia Barrage Lebna
Tunisia Lagunes de Korba
Tunisia Oued Sed
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tunisia Metbassta
Tunisia Barrage El Houareb
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour
Tunisia Sebkhet Nouaïel
Tunisia Douz Laâla
Tunisia Snam
Tunisia Ghidma
Turkey İğdır Plain
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Afghanistan Darqad
Israel Judean foothills
Israel Hula valley
Syria Golan Heights
Israel Lake Kinneret and Kinerot
Israel Carmel coast
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Iraq Baquba wetlands
Iraq Al Jadriyah and Umm Al Khanazeer island
Iraq Hindiya Barrage
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iraq Gharraf River
Iraq Sinnaf Seasonal Wetlands
Iraq Shatt Al Arab marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karkheh river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Susangerd marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Cheghakor marsh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Haft Barm
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area
Jordan Jordan Valley
Syria Euphrates valley
Syria Bahrat Homs
Syria Tual al-'Abba
Iraq Haur Sarut
Iraq Haur Uwainah
Russia (European) Adzhi Lake
China (mainland) Karamay desert and lakes
Pakistan Mangla Lake
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands
Pakistan Drigh Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Hammal Katchery Lake
Pakistan Pugri Lake
Pakistan Nar-ri Ramsar Site
Pakistan Jubo Ramsar Site
Pakistan Manchar Lake
Pakistan Mehboob Shah Lake
Pakistan Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Rangla wetland complex
Pakistan Ucchali Wetland Complex
Pakistan Mehrano Reserve Lake and Rohri canal wetlands
Pakistan Keti Bundar North Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Nara Desert Wildlife Sanctuary
India Kaziranga National Park
India Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand
India Basai wetlands
India Wular Lake and associated marshes
India Dudhwa National Park
India Asan Barrage
Pakistan Deh Akro Wildlife Sanctuary
Azerbaijan Lake Hajigabul
Armenia Metsamor
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Camargue
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Afghanistan Kole Hashmat Khan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Akh Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Amirkelayeh lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iraq Central Marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iraq Huweija marshes
Iraq Anah and Rawa
Iraq Tharthar Lake and Al-Dhebaeji Fields
Iraq Samara Wetlands
Iraq Habbaniya Lake
Iraq Haur Al Hachcham and Haur Maraiba
Jordan Azraq
Iraq Haur Lafta
Iraq Haur Al Hammar
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
Uzbekistan Aksay Lake and surrounding desert
Uzbekistan Kagan Fish Farm
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre
Turkmenistan Turkmenbashy Bay
Turkmenistan South Cheleken Bay
Turkmenistan Garadashly - Ekerem
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly
Turkmenistan Ayrakly – Garadzhaovlak
Turkmenistan Khankhovuz
Turkmenistan Garagumderya
Turkmenistan Erajy
Turkmenistan Soltandag Lake
Turkmenistan Soltandag - Gyzylburun
Turkmenistan Taylak Lake
Turkmenistan Ketteshor - Ramankol
Turkmenistan Kelif Lakes
Turkmenistan Zeyit - Kelif
Uzbekistan Amudarya floodlands near Termez
Iraq Abu Dalaf and Shari lake
Iraq Haur Al Abjiya and Umm Al Baram
Iraq Haur Al Sa'adiyah
Iraq Haur Om am Nyaj
Iraq Haur Sanniya
Iraq Haur Al Haushiya
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Turkey Devegeçidi Dam
Turkey Karkamış
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Afghanistan Imam Sahib
Turkey Bendimahi Delta
Turkey Van Plains
Turkey Çelebibağı Reedbeds
Turkey Ziyaret Mountain and Ahlat Marshes
Italy Mazarese wetlands
Iraq Hawizeh
Iraq Dalmaj Marsh
Iraq Auda Marsh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gordeh Git and Mamiyand
Kazakhstan Lakes in the lower reaches of the Chu River
Spain Ebro delta
Spain Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Clot de Galvany
Spain Marjales de La Safor
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Libya Sebkhet Qasr Ahmed (Taworgha)
Tunisia Barrage Moussa Chami
Tunisia Barrage Khairat
Tunisia Barrage Mlaâbi
Tunisia Barrage Oued Rmal
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Tunisia Sebkhet Ariana
Iraq Ibn Najm
Iraq East Hammar
Iraq West Hammar
Iraq Fao
Iraq North Ibn Najm
Iraq Sawa Lake and Area
Iraq Suwaibaat (Sleibaat)
Tunisia Chott Djerid
Armenia Arax River
Turkey Ararat (1) Karakose
Turkey Ararat (2) (North-East)
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e-Moghan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Aras Dam Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Morocco Marais Côte du Plateau Rmel
Tunisia Sebkhet Halk El Menzel et Oued Sed
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Turkmenistan Saryyazy
Syria Upper Orontes River and Homs Lake (Bahrat Homs)
India Dighal wetland
India Sardar Samand Lake
Mauritania Diawling National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land major non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Marmaronetta angustirostris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2020.