LC
Marail Guan Penelope marail



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency high
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 1,480,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown - - -
Population trend decreasing - suspected -
Rate of change over the future 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 1-25% - - -
Generation length 5.7 years - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Trend justification: This species is suspected to lose 3.4-4% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (10 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and/or trapping, it is therefore suspected to decline by <25% over three generations.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Brazil extant native yes
French Guiana extant native yes
Guyana extant native yes
Suriname extant native yes
Venezuela extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Venezuela Parque Nacional Canaima
Venezuela Reserva Forestal Imataca
Suriname Bakhuys mountains
Suriname Boven Coesewijne Nature Reserve (BCNR)
Suriname Brownsberg Nature Park (BB)
Suriname Centraal Suriname Nature Reserve (CSNR)
Suriname Lely mountain
Suriname Nassau mountain
Suriname North-West Suriname
Suriname Sipaliwini Nature Reserve
Suriname Kabalebo / Arapahu
French Guiana Atachi Bakka
French Guiana Montagne Kaw
French Guiana Parc Amazonien de Guyane et Saül
French Guiana Lucifer
French Guiana Nouragues
French Guiana Trinité
Brazil Área de Relevante Interesse Ecológico Projeto Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais e Entorno
Brazil Tepuis de Roraima
Brazil Campinas e Várzeas do Rio Branco
Brazil Parque Nacional Montanhas do Tumucumaque

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 100 - 700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Penelope marail. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/marail-guan-penelope-marail on 22/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 22/02/2024.