Maleo Macrocephalon maleo


Argeloo, M. 1994. The Maleo Macrocephalon maleo: new information on the distribution and status of Sulawesi's endemic megapode. Bird Conservation International 4: 383-393.

Baker, G. C. 2002. Conservation status of Maleo Macrocephalon maleo nesting grounds: an update. Megapode Newsletter 16: 4-6.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened Birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Butchart, S. H. M.; Baker, G. C. 2000. Priority sites for conservation of maleos Macrocephalon maleo in central Sulawesi. Biological Conservation 94: 79-91.

Clements, T. 2009. Case study: conservation of Sulawesi's Endangered mascot - the Maleo - through conservation incentive agreements. Wildlife Conservation Society, New York.

Dekker, R. W. R. J.; Fuller, R. A.; Baker, G. C. 2000. Megapodes. Status survey and conservation action plan 2000-2004. IUCN and World Pheasant Association, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Froese, G. Z. & Mustari, A. H. 2019. Assessments of Maleo Macrocephalon maleo nesting grounds in South-east Sulawesi reveal severely threatened populations. Bird Conservation International 29(4): 497-502.

Gorog, A.J.; Pamungkas, B.; Lee, R.J. 2005. Nesting ground abandonment by the Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) in North Sulawesi: identifying conservation priorities for Indonesia's endemic megapode. Biological Conservation 126: 548-555.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

O'Sullivan, A., Rettermund, C. & Oehler, D. A. 2016. Maleo Macrocephalon maleo. Husbandry and Conservation at the Wildlife Conservation Society. Ornithology Department, Wildlife Conservation Society, WCS/Bronx Zoo, Bronx, New York, USA.

Prawiradilaga, D. M. 1997. The Maleo Macrocephalon maleo on Buton. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 117: 237.

Summers, M. 2007. Report of conservation activities at Maleo nesting ground Libuun, Taima, Tompotika, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia August 2006 - June 2007. Megapode Newsletter 20(1): 4-5.

Tasirin, J. 2007. The release of 4000th maleo chick in Sulawesi. Megapode Newsletter 20(1): 7-8.

Tasirin, J.S., Iskandar, D.T., Laya, A., Kresno, P., Suling, N., Oga, V.T., Djano, R., Bawotong, A., Nur, A., Isfanddri, M. & Abbas, W. 2021. Maleo Macrocephalon maleo population recovery at two Sulawesi nesting grounds after community engagement to prevent egg poaching. Global Ecology and Conservation: p.e01699.

van As, J. 2007. Maleo nesting ground project in Tangkoko, North-Sulawesi, Indonesia. Megapode Newsletter 20(1): 6-7.

Wildlife Conservation Society. 2009. Rare birds get private beach. G@lliformed: 22.

Yanto Samana, J. 2015. hysical Characteristics Population Estimates AndBird Maleo (Macrophalon Maleo) In Tuva Village Resort Area Saluki Lore LinduNational Park (LLNP). Thesis:Study Program of the Department of GeographySocial Sciences Education Tadulako.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Galliformes Specialist Group

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Macrocephalon maleo. Downloaded from on 23/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/09/2023.