Madeira Laurel-pigeon Columba trocaz


Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W. and Horblit, H.M. 1997. Madeira Laurel-pigeon (Columba trocaz). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Jones, M. 1988. A survey of the distribution, density and habitat references of the Long-toed Pigeon Columba trocaz in Madeira. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Marrero, P.; Oliveira, P.; Nogales, M. 2004. Diet of the endemic Madeira Laurel Pigeon Columba trocaz in agricultural and forest areas: implications for conservation. Bird Conservation International 14: 165-172.

Nagy, S.; Crockford, N. 2004. Implementation in the European Union of species action plans for 23 of Europe's most threatened birds. BirdLife International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Oliveira, P.; Heredia, B. 1996. Action plan for Madeira Laurel Pigeon (Columba trocaz). In: Heredia, B.; Rose, L.; Painter, M. (ed.), Globally threatened birds in Europe: action plans, pp. 303-310. Council of Europe and BirdLife International, Strasbourg.

Oliveira, P.; Jones, M.; Caires, D.; Menezes, D. 1999. Population trends and status of the Madiera Laurel Pigeon Columba trocaz. Bird Conservation International 9: 387-395.

Oliveira, P.; Marrero, P.; Nogales, M. 2002. Diet of the endemic Madeira Laurel Pigeon and fruit resource availability: a study using microhistological analyses. Condor 104: 811-822.

Oliveira, P.; Menezes, D.; Jones, M.; Nogales, M. 2006. The influence of fruit abundance on the use of forest and cultivated field habitats by the endemic Madeira Laurel Pigeon Columba trocaz: implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 130: 538-548.

Oliveira, P.; Menezes, D.; Sepulveda, P. 2007. Population trends of the Madeira laurel pigeon between 1986 and 2006.

Tracewski, L., Butchart, S.H.M., Di Marco, M., Ficetola, G.F., Rondinini, C., Symes, A., Wheatley, H., Beresford, A.E. and Buchanan, G.M. 2016. Toward quantification of the impact of 21st-century deforestation on the extinction risk of terrestrial vertebrates. Conservation Biology.

Tucker, G.M. and Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: their conservation status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Zino, F.; Zino, P. A. 1986. An account of the habitat, feeding habitats, density, breeding and need of protection of the Long-toed Wood Pigeon, Columba trocaz. Bocagiana 97: 1-16.

Further resources

Action Plan

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Columba trocaz. Downloaded from on 21/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/10/2020.