Madagascar Pochard Aythya innotata


Bamford, A.J., Sam, T.S., Razafindrajao, F., Robson, H., Woolaver, L.G. and Rene de Roland, L.A. 2015. The status and ecology of the last wild population of Madagascar Pochard Aythya innotata. Bird Conservation International: 1-14.

Cranswick, P. 2010. Saving the Madagascar Pochard - the world's most threatened duck. WWT Conserv. Rep. 2008-2009: 34-35.

Cranswick, P. 2012. Return of the native. Waterlife: 16-21.

Cranswick, P. 2014. Sofia so good. Waterlife 187 (Jan/Mar): 26-30.

Edhem, M. 1993. Lake Alaotra - in search of the Madagascar Pochard. Wildfowl and Wetlands 109: 18-21.

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: (Accessed: 07 December 2016).

IUCN. 2018. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-2. Available at: (Accessed: 15 November 2018).

Jarrett, N. 2010. Mission impossible. Waterlife: 39-42.

Kear, J. 2005. Ducks, geese and swans volume 2: species accounts (Cairina to Mergus). Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Langrand, O. 1990. Guide to the birds of Madagascar. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Morris, P.; Hawkins, F. 1998. Birds of Madagascar: a photographic guide. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Pidgeon, M. 1996. Summary: an ecological survey of Lake Alaotra and selected wetlands of central and eastern Madagascar in analysing the demise of Madagascar Pochard Aythya innotata. Working Group on Birds in the Madagascar Region Newsletter 6(2): 17-19.

Rene de Roland, L., Sam, T.S., Rakotondratsima, M. P. H., Thorstrom, R. 2007. Rediscovery of the Madagascar Pochard (Aythya innotata) in northern Madagascar. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 14: 171-174.

Segan, D.B.; Hole, D.G.; Donatti, C.I.; Zganjar, C.; Martin, S.; Butchart, S.H.M.; Watson, J.E.M. 2015. Considering the impact of climate change on human communities significantly alters the outcome of species and site-based vulnerability assessments. Diversity and Distributions 21(9): 1101-1111.

Woolaver, L.G., Young, H.G.Y., Cranswick, P.A., Razafindrajao, F., Bamford, A.J., Mallon, D., Rakotobe, D. and Rabesihanaka, S. 2015. Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Madagascar Pochard 2014-2024. Species Action Plan 2014-2024 For the conservation of the critically endangered Madagascar pochard.

Young, H. G. 2011. Madagascar Pochard Aythya innotata. In: Safford, R; Hawkins, F. (ed.), The Birds of Africa. Volume VIII: The Malagasy Region, pp. 260-262. Christopher Helm, London.

Young, H. G.; Kear, J. 2006. The rise and fall of wildfowl of the western Indian Ocean and Australia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126A: 25-39.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Duck Specialist Group

IUCN SSC Threatened Waterfowl Specialist Group

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

This species has been identified as an Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) trigger - click here for more information

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Aythya innotata. Downloaded from on 19/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 19/05/2022.