NT
Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A3cd
2012 Near Threatened A3cd
2008 Near Threatened A3c,d
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - shelf island
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 689,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6700 medium estimated 1995
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.3 - - -

Population justification: The population has been estimated at 10,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 6,700 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be declining, and is projected to decline at a steeper rate in the future owing to intense hunting pressure and habitat destruction.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Madagascar N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Madagascar Montagne d'Ambre National Park and Special Reserve
Madagascar Analamerana Special Reserve
Madagascar Ankarana Special Reserve
Madagascar Andavakoera Classified Forest NAP
Madagascar Daraina Forest
Madagascar Manongarivo Special Reserve and extension
Madagascar Tsaratanana Strict Nature Reserve and extension
Madagascar South Anjanaharibe Special Reserve and extension
Madagascar Marojejy National Park
Madagascar Masoala National Park
Madagascar Sahamalaza - Radama Islands National Marine Park
Madagascar Baly Bay National Park
Madagascar Ankarafantsika National Park and Ampijoroa
Madagascar Cap Saint André forest and wetlands
Madagascar Marotandrano Special Reserve
Madagascar Tsingy de Namoroka National Park
Madagascar Bemarivo Special Reserve
Madagascar Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park and Strict Nature Reserve
Madagascar Manambolomaty wetland complex and Tsimembo Classified Forest
Madagascar Anjanaharibe Classified Forest
Madagascar Upper Rantabe Classified Forest
Madagascar Mananara-North National Park
Madagascar Ambatovaky Special Reserve
Madagascar Bezavona Classified Forest
Madagascar Zahamena National Park and Strict Reserve
Madagascar Betampona Strict Nature Reserve
Madagascar Mangerivola Special Reserve
Madagascar Sihanaka Forest
Madagascar Mantadia National Park and Analamazaotra Special Reserve
Madagascar Ankeniheny Classified Forest
Madagascar Anjozorobe Forest
Madagascar Menabe forest complex
Madagascar Kirindy Mite National Park and extension
Madagascar Lake Ihotry - Mangoky Delta Complex NPA
Madagascar Mangoky-Ankazoabo Complex NPA
Madagascar Mikea
Madagascar Zombitse-Vohibasia National Park and extension
Madagascar Andohahela National Park - Section I
Madagascar Zafimaniry Forest
Madagascar Ranomafana National Park and extension
Madagascar Andringitra National Park
Madagascar Parc National d'Isalo
Madagascar Vondrozo Classified Forest NPA
Madagascar Midongy South National Park
Madagascar Ankeniheny Zahamena Corridor NPA (CAZ)
Madagascar Makira Natural Park
Madagascar Ankeniheny - Lakato NPA
Madagascar Kirindy-South Forest
Madagascar Mangoky-Ankazoabo Complex NPA
Madagascar Antrema NPA

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Lophotibis cristata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/01/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/01/2021.