VU
Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa



References

Berruti, A.; Baker, N.; Buijs, D.; Colahan, B. D.; Davies, C.; Dellegn, Y.; Eksteen, J.; Kolberg, H.; Marchant, A. H.; Mpofu, Z.; Nantongo-Kalundu, P.; Nnyiti, P.; Pienaar, K.; Shaw, K.; Tyali, T.; van Niekerk, J.; Wheeler, M. J. 2005. International Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa Action Plan.

Berruti, A.; Baker, N.; Buijs, D.; Colahan, B.D.; Davies, C.; Dellegn, Y.; Eksteen, J.; Kolberg, H.; Marchant, A.; Mpofu, Z.; Nantongo-Kalundu, P.; Nnyiti, P.; Pienaar, K.; Shaw, K.; Tyali, T.; van Niekerk, J.; Wheeler, M.J.; Evans, S.W. 2007. International Single Species Action Plan for the conservation of the Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa. AEWA, Bonn.

del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Johnsgard, P.A. 1978. Ducks, geese and swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

Johnsgard, P.A. and Carbonell, M. 1996. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, USA.

Kear, J. 2005. Ducks, geese and swans volume 2: species accounts (Cairina to Mergus). Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Nagy, S., Flink, S. and Langendoen, T. 2014. Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.

Simmons, R.E.; Brown, C.J. 2006. Birds to watch in Namibia: red, rare and endemic species. National Biodiversity Programme, Windhoek.

Underhill, L. G., Brooks, M. 2016. Bird distribution dynamics 2 – Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa In South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Biodiversity Observations 7.88: 1–8. Available at http://bo.adu.org.za/pdf/BO_2016_07-088.pdf.

Further resources

African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) International Action Plan 2007

African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) International Action Plan 2007

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Media resources
Arkive species - Maccoa duck (Oxyura maccoa) 0

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Oxyura maccoa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2017.