Macaroni Penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus


Barlow, K.E.; Croxall, J.P. 2002. Seasonal and interannual variation in foraging range and habitat of macaroni penguins at South Georgia. Marine Ecology Progress Series 232: 291–304.

Bon, C. 2016. Stratégies de recherche alimentaire d’un prédateur plongeur en période de reproduction: le Gorfou Macaroni des îles Crozet et Kerguelen. Thèse de Doctorat, Université de La Rochelle.

Bon, C., Penna, A.D., D’Ovidio, F., Arnould,J.P.Y., Bost, C.A. 2015. Influence of oceanographic structures on foraging strategies: Macaroni penguins at Crozet. Movement Ecology 3: 32, DOI 10.1186/s40462-015-0057-2.

Bost, C. A.; Thiebot, J. B.; Pinaud, D.; Cherel, Y.; Trathan, P. N. 2009. Where do penguins go during the inter-breeding period? Using geolocation to track the winter dispersion of the Macaroni Penguin. Biology Letters 5: 473-476.

Cooper, J.; Crawford, R. J. M.; De Villiers, M. S.; Dyer, B. M.; Hofmeyr, G. J. G.; Jonker, A. 2009. Disease outbreaks among penguins at sub-Antarctic Marion Island: A conservation concern. Marine Ornithology 37: 193–196.

Crawford, R.J.M.; Whittington, P.A.; Upfold, L.; Ryan, P.G.; Petersen, S.L.; Dyer, B. M.; Cooper, J. 2009. Recent trends in numbers of four species of penguins at the Prince Edward Islands. African Journal of Marine Science 31(3): 419-426.

Crossin, G. T., Trathan, P. and Crawford, R. J. M. 2013. Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus) and Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli). In: P. G. Borboroglu and P. D. Boersma (eds), Penguins: Natural History and Conservation, pp. 185-208. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Crossin, G.T.; Takahashi, A,; Sakamoto, K.Q.; Trathan, P.N.; Williams, T.D. 2015. Habitat selection by foraging macaroni penguins correlates with hematocrit, an index of aerobic condition. Marine Ecology Progress Series 530: 163-176.

Crowley, G. M. and Garnett, S. T. 2000. Changing Fire Management in the Pastoral Lands of Cape York Peninsula of northeast Australia, 1623 to 1996. Australian Geographical Studies 38(1): 10–26.

Dyer, B.M; Crawford, R.J.M. 2015. Macaroni penguin. In: Taylor, M.R.; Peacock, F.; Wanless, R.M. The 2015 ESKOM Red Data Book of Birds. BirdLife International..

Ellis, S.; Croxall, J.P.; Cooper, J. 1998. Penguin conservation assessment and management plan: report from the workshop held 8-9 September 1996, Cape Town, South Africa. IUCN/SSC, Apple Valley, USA.

Horswill, C., Matthiopoulos, J., Green, J. A., Meredith, M. P., Forcada, J., Peat, H., Preston, M., Trathan, P.N. and Ratcliffe, N. 2014. Survival in macaroni penguins and the relative importance of different drivers: individual traits, predation pressure and environmental variability. The Journal of Animal Ecology 83(5): 1057–1067.

Horswill, C., Ratcliffe, N., Green, J. A., Phillips, R. A., Trathan, P. N., & Matthiopoulos, J. 2016. Unravelling the relative roles of top‐down and bottom‐up forces driving population change in an oceanic predator. Ecology 97(8): 1919–1928.

Isaksen, K., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Dyer, B.M.,Naestvold, A., Mehlum, F., Gjertz, I., Bakken, V., Huyser, O. 1997. Preliminary results from CEMP-monitoring of Antarctic Fur Seals, Chinstrap Penguins and Macaroni Penguins at Bouvetoya 1996/97. Report to CCAMLR WG-EMM 1997: 26.

Kirkwood, R.; Lawton, K.; Moreno, C.; Valencia, J.; Schlatter, R.; Robertson, G. 2007. Estimates of southern rockhopper and macaroni penguin numbers at the Ildefonso and Diego Ramirez archipelagos, Chile, using quadrat and distance-sampling techniques. Waterbirds 30 : 259-267.

Marchant, S.; Higgins, P. J. 1990. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, 1: ratites to ducks. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

Oehler, D.A.; Pelikan, S., Fry, W.R.; Weakley, L.; Kush, A.; Marin, M. 2008. Status of crested penguins Eudyptes spp. on three islands in southern Chile. Wilson. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120: 575–81.

Ratcliffe, N.; Hill, S.L.; Staniland, I.J.; Brown, R.; Adlard, S.; Horswill, C.; Trathan, P.N. 2015. Do krill fisheries compete with macaroni penguins? Spatial overlap in prey consumption and catches during winter. Diversity and Distributions 21: 1339-1348.

Thiebot, J.B.; Cherel, Y.; Trathan, P.N.; Bost, C.A. 2011. Inter-population segregation and in the wintering areas of macaroni penguins. Marine Ecology Progress Series 421 : 279–290.

Trathan, P. N.; Croxall, J. P.; Murphy, E. J.; Everson, I. 1998. Use of at-sea distribution data to derive potential foraging ranges of macaroni penguins during the breeding season. Marine Ecology Progress Series 169: 263-275.

Trathan, P.N., Garcia-Borboroglu, P., Boersma, D., Bost, C.A., Crawford, R.J.M., Crossin, G.T., Cuthbert, R.J., Dann, P., Davis, L.S., De La Puente, S., Ellenberg, U., Lynch, H.J., Mattern, T., Putz, K., Seddon, P.J., Trivelpiece, W. and Wienecke, B. 2015. Pollution, habitat loss, fishing, and climate change as critical threats to penguins. Conservation Biology 29(1): 31-41.

Trathan, P.N., Green, C., Tanton, J., Peat, H., Poncet, J., Morton A. 2006. Foraging dynamics of macaroni penguins Eudyptes chryolophus at South Georgia during brood-guard. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 323: 239-251.

Trathan, P.N.; Ratcliffe, N.; Masden, E.A. 2012. Ecological drivers of change at South Georgia: the krill surplus, or climate variability. Ecography 35: 983-993.

Woehler, E.J. 1993. The distribution and abundance of Antarctic and Subantarctic penguins. Scientific Commission on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, U.K.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Penguin Specialist Group

Australian Govt - Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000 - Recovery Outline

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Eudyptes chrysolophus. Downloaded from on 26/11/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/11/2020.