LC
Long-tailed Cormorant Microcarbo africanus



References

Brown, L.H., Urban, E.K. and Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

Childress, R.B., Bennun, L.A. and Harper, D.M. 2002. Population changes in sympatric great and long-tailed cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo and P-africanus): the effects of niche overlap or environmental change? Hydrobiologia 488(1-3): 163-170.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Harrison, J. A.; McIver, M.; Weyers, D. 2001. Breeding at constructed heronries at Blouvlei, Western Cape. Bird Numbers 10(2): 38-41.

Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. and Ryan, P.G. 2005. Roberts birds of southern Africa. Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1993. Cormorants, darters, and pelicans of the world. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Langrand, O. 1990. Guide to the birds of Madagascar. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Nelson, J. B. 2005. Pelicans, cormorants and their relatives. Pelecanidae, Sulidae, Phalacrocoracidae, Anhingidae, Fregatidae, Phaethontidae. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Further resources

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Microcarbo africanus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2019.