LC
Little Stint Calidris minuta



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,750,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 67,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000000-1100000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.1,500,000-1,600,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). This roughly equates to 1,000,000-1,100,000 mature individuals. The European population is estimated at 48,200-76,000 pairs, which equates to 96,400-152,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). The population in Russia has been estimated at c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant
Armenia N Extant
Australia V Extant
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados V Extant
Belarus N Extant
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
British Indian Ocean Territory V Extant
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada V Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Comoros N Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) V Extant
Hungary N Extant
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Latvia N Extant
Lebanon N Extant
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Luxembourg N Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia V Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Marshall Islands V Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius N Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) V Extant
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Papua New Guinea V Extant
Philippines V Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Slovakia N Extant
Slovenia N Extant Yes Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands V Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand V Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vietnam V Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Romania Rotbav fish-ponds
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Slovenia River Drava
Turkey Akyatan Lake
Turkey Yumurtalik lagoons
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Bay of Torslanda
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Sweden Bay of Kil
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Slesin and Wystep ponds
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Evros delta
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Russia (European) Middle reaches of Bolshaya Rogovaya river
Russia (European) Torna-Shoina watershed
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay
Spain Ebro delta
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Janubio saltpans
Spain El Médano coast
Ukraine Syvash Bay
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Domaine d'Orx
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Baie de Goulven
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Camargue
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Bonne Anse
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Arjuzanx
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Brenne centrale
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Cap Gris-nez
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
United Kingdom Abberton Reservoir
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Po Delta
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Italy Cervia saltpans
Albania Patoku lagoon
Albania Lalzi Bay
Norway Varangerfjord
Norway Ørlandet
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Lista wetland system
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Spreewald
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park
Gabon Akanda
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site
Gambia Bao Bolon Wetland Reserve
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós
Kenya Tana River Delta
Kenya Lake Turkana
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss
Mali Lac Faguibine
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park
Namibia Sandwich Harbour
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Golfe de Boughrara
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Oman Barr al Hikman
Sri Lanka Araly South-Punalai
Sri Lanka Seguwantive mudflats
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Outer Indus delta
India Krishnarajasagar Reservoir
India Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Quiberon
France Etang de Biguglia
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Etang de Lindre
France Etang du Bagnas
France Basse vallée du Var
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Kazakhstan Kultansor and Tatysor Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of the Yorkutayakha river
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iraq Haur Al Sa'adiyah
Jordan Azraq
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Masirah island
Oman Duqm
Oman Khawr Ghawi
Saudi Arabia King Faisal Airbase, Tabuk
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons
United Arab Emirates Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Yemen Aden
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Kazakhstan Kushum Lakes
Kazakhstan Tuzashchy and Karasor Lakes
Kazakhstan Tounsor Hollow Lakes
Turkey Sodalıgöl (Arın Lake)
Turkey Ceyhan Delta
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Turkey Gediz Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Niger Diffa-Kinzindi grassland and wetlands
Jordan Khirbat al Samra (sewage works)
Russia (European) Pikhtovka fishponds
Saudi Arabia Al-Hasa lagoons
Romania Danube Delta
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System
Mexico Istmo de Tehuantepec - Mar Muerto
Armenia Amasia
Norway Røst
Kenya Boni and Dodori National Reserves
Norway Varangerfjord (including Hornøya and Reinøya)
Norway Slettnes
Norway Varanger Peninsula
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Irbe strait
Tanzania Lake Balangida Lelu
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Chott Boul
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Ertis Ormany (Shaldai Forest)
Kazakhstan Shcherbakty Lakes
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Mauritania Diawling National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable passage
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable passage
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable passage
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable passage
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable passage
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Clostridium botulinum Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future No/Negligible Impact: 1
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Plasmodium relictum Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Unspecified species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of surface water (commercial use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Calidris minuta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2020.