Little Inca-finch Incaspiza watkinsi


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Dinerstein, E., Olson, D.M., Graham, D.J., Webster, A.L., Primm, S.A., Bookbinder, M.P. and Ledec, G. 1995. A Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

eBird. 2021. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. Ithaca, New York Available at:

García Bravo, A. 2011. Amenazas y conservación del Gorrión Jaeno (Incaspiza watkinsi) en Cajamarca y Amazonas, Perú. Boletín informativo UNOP 6(2): 8-13.

García Bravo, A. 2020. Little Inca-Finch (Incaspiza watkinsi), version 1.0. Ithaca, NY, USA Available at:

Guzman, B. K.; García-Bravo, A.; Allauja-Salazar, E. E.; Mejía, I. A.; Torres Guzmán, C.; Oliva, M. 2021. Endemism of woody flora and tetrapod fauna, and conservation status of the inter-Andean Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests of the Marañón valley. Global Ecology and Conservation 28: e01639.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-1. Available at: (Accessed: 21 July 2022).

Parker, T.A., Stotz, D.F. and Fitzpatrick, J.W. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In: Stotz, D.F., Fitzpatrick, J.W., Parker, T.A. and Moskovits, D.K. (eds), Neotropical bird ecology and conservation, pp. 113-436. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Ridgely, R. S.; Tudor, G. 1989. The birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Schulenberg, T. S.; Stotz, D. F.; Lane, D. F.; O'Neill, J. P.; Parker III, T. A. 2007. Birds of Peru. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.

Stotz, D.F., Fitzpatrick, J.W., Parker, T.A. and Moskovits, D.K. 1996. Neotropical Birds: Ecology and Conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Incaspiza watkinsi. Downloaded from on 04/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 04/12/2022.