LC
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Hydrocoloeus minutus (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Larus.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 34,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 33,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.5 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.97,000-270,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006). The European population is estimated at 23,700-45,200 pairs, which equates to 47,400-90,500 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Delany & Scott 2006). In Europe the population size is estimated and projected to be decreasing at a rate approaching 30% over the period from 2000, when the decline is estimated to have started in Russia, which holds nearly 50% of the European population, to 2032 (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola V Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Barbados V Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Cameroon V Extant
Canada N Extant Yes Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon V Extant
Gambia V Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) V Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland V Extant
India V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq V Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan V Extant
Jordan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya V Extant
Kuwait V Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Monaco U Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Nigeria V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Senegal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant Yes
Sudan V Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Varvara Reservoir
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Beresina
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Lithuania Lake Kasonys and adjacent wetlands
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Pavezupis fish-ponds
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex
Estonia Haapsalu-Noarootsi bays
Estonia Väike Väin strait
Estonia Relict lakes of southern Saaremaa
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Mouth of the Emajõgi river and Piirissaar island
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Lahepera lake
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Rotbav fish-ponds
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Lake Tataru
Ireland North Wicklow coastal marshes
Turkey Büyükçekmece Lake
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Palestinian Authority Territories Wadi Gaza
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Sweden River Svartån
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Coastal area of Eastern Gotland
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Lake Storhjälmaren
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Dannemora
Sweden Gräsö Archipelago
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Warta River Mouth
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Keski-Kallavesi and Kuhanen Lake
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Alajoki
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Krunnit archipelago
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Russia (European) Mouth of Samur river
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Beglitskaya sand-spit
Russia (European) Koporski Bay
Russia (European) Lake Lacha
Russia (European) South-eastern coast of Lake Ladoga
Russia (European) Rybinsk reservoir
Russia (European) Siz'menski flood-plain of Sheksna reservoir
Russia (European) Mouth of Svir river
Russia (European) Nizhnekamskaya flood-plain
Spain Llobregat delta
Russia (European) Kenozer'ye
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Ukraine Kryva peninsula
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays
Ukraine Tyligul's'kyj lyman
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Dnestr valley between Staryj Martyniv and Marynopil' villages
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Domaine d'Orx
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Littoral Augeron
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
United Kingdom Hornsea Mere
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
Italy Lake Massaciuccoli
Italy Valli di Argenta
Italy Po Delta
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Slowinski National Park
Sweden Lake Dättern
Romania Black Sea
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Denmark Eastern German Bight
Georgia Kolkheti
Slovakia Zemplínska Sírava
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Turkey Meriç Delta
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Mühlenberger Loch
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Alfsee
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Federseeried
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Reservoir near Affoldern
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Selenter See
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Belgium Nordzee
Egypt Lake Manzala
Egypt Lake Burullus
Egypt Lake Maryut
Estonia Räpina polder
Latvia Seaway to the border with Lithuania
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Lithuania Marine waters along the continental part of Lithuania
Lithuania The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon
Lithuania A part of the Vasaknos fish-farm
Lithuania Kretuonas Landscape Reserve
Lithuania Flooded meadows arround the Senoji & Naujoji Rusne lakes
Lithuania Exploited Sulinkiai peatbog
Ukraine Berezans'kyj lyman and Solonets Tuzly pond
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Russia (European) Druzhinnoe lake and its outskirts
Russia (European) Southern coast of Ladoga Lake
Russia (European) Southern coast of the Neva bay
Russia (European) North-western subburbs of St.-Petersburg
Russia (European) Zelentsy islands
Russia (European) Sestroretsky Razliv
Russia (European) Zaonezh'ye
Russia (European) Faustovo flood-plains of Moscow river
Belarus Sporaŭskaje balota
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Lavassaare
Russia (European) Lake Ayke
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koye lake near Karas'ye village
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Tenis
Russia (Central Asian) Bog Mamynkul and lake Alakul
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Beloye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Siverga lake
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koye lake near Novotroitskoye village
Russia (Central Asian) Kaban'i lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Kurlady 2
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lakes Schelkunovskoe and Boevskoe and vicinities
Russia (Central Asian) Bitter-salty lakes in the West of steppe Kurumbelskoj
Russia (Central Asian) Mayan lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lakes Big Kadkul and Small Kadkul
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river near Lebedevka and Bugrovoye villages
Russia (Central Asian) Lakes Zaboltsevo and Big Solenoe
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Channel Siberian
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Lake system near Lotoshnoye village
Russia (Central Asian) Kasmalinskaya and Barnaulskaya forest bands
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoe Gor'koye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Siberian Channel
Russia (Central Asian) Myrkaj Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Karataban Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Otnoga Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Greater Shantarkai Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Kadkul', Alabuga and Tirikul' Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Achlikul' Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koe, Krivoe and Zhuravlinoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Pesochnoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Cher'omukhovo Lake
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans
Latvia Dviete flood-plain
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Nida-Perkone
Latvia Ziemupe-Riva coastal
Latvia Kemeri national park
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Galata
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskaya anabranch (Irtysh flood-plain)
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Baie de Vilaine
France Baie de Goulven
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Vallée de la Garonne : Moissac
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Pointe de Grave
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etang du Bagnas
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Volga river between Gorodets and N.Novgorod
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Volga river between N.Novgorod and Pamyat' Parizhskoi Kommuny village
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (European) Oka valley in vicinity of Murmino
Russia (European) Izhevsk flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (Central Asian) Zingeika lake
Russia (European) Marshes near Pavlovskoye Zaoch'ye and adjoining floodplain of Oka river
Russia (European) Shumerlinskaya
Russia (European) Forests and wetlands in the valley of the Nuzhma river
Russia (European) Peat pits in Volodarski and Balakhninski districts
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Oka river between the mouth of Klyaz'ma river and Dzerzhinsk
Russia (Central Asian) Bottomland of Tobol river near villages Lebedevka and Bygrovoe
Russia (Central Asian) Ata-Anay Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'i lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Yudinsky stretch
Russia (Central Asian) Kurlady Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kocherdyksky goose zakaznik
Canada Quoddy Region
Canada Long Point Peninsula and Marshes
Canada Niagara River Corridor
Canada Île aux Hérons Migratory Bird Sanctuary
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Lithuania Birveta Fish-farm including segments of Dysna River and Birveta River valleys
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Sweden Lake Vendel
Sweden Western part of Lake Mälaren
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Sweden Bay of Kil
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Insko Site
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Pilica River Valley
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Turkmenistan Mergen
Italy Lake Viverone
Kazakhstan Akzhan Lake
Kazakhstan Bolshoy Kak Lake
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Netherlands Wadden Coast
Russia (Central Asian) Upper streams of Ob' river
Slovenia River Drava
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Kukkiajärvi lake
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Russia (Central Asian) Peschanokoledinskaya
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Germany Ammersee
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Lower Saxonian North Sea off the East Frisian Islands
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Eastern part of German Bight (with Heligoland)
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Romania Limanu - Herghelia
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Lake Dunăreni
Romania Lake Oltina
Romania Olt valley
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Poland Oswin site
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Mietkow reservoir
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Turek Site
Poland Kwiecewo Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Poland Slupsk bank
Belarus Braslav lakes
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Egypt Lake Idku
Russia (Asian) Valley of Barguzin
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Norway Lake Leksdalsvatn
Denmark Western part of Vejlerne, Arup Holm and Hovsør Røn
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Väinameri
Kazakhstan Sankebay Lakes
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Irbe strait
Turkmenistan Zeyit - Kelif
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Estonia Meelva bog
Sweden Rödkallen – Söräspen Islands
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable passage
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable passage
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable passage
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable passage
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable passage
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable passage
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable passage
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable passage
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable passage
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) marginal non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) marginal non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Hydrocoloeus minutus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/08/2020.