LC
Little Crake Zapornia parva



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Zapornia parva (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Porzana.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 49.70000076 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 19,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 100000-499999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 55,000-82,900 calling or lekking males, which equates to 110,000-166,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 60% of the global range so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 183,000-277,000 mature individuals although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is therefore placed in the band 100,000-499,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: In Europe the population size is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015). With no evidence of declines elsewhere in the range the overall population is estimated to be stable.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Cape Verde V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea V Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Qatar V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda V Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Austria Neusiedler See
Belarus Arechaŭskaje
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Polesye valley of river Buh
Belarus Prostyr
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Neretva Delta
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Croatia Pokuplje Basin
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Väinameri
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Lewitz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Recknitz and Trebel valley
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Schwarzensee and Kolbenmoor with Kolbensee
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Wendesser moor
Germany Wernauer and Unterensinger gravel pits
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Germany Wetterau
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Italy Valli Bolognesi
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Pape
Latvia Seda marsh
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Poland Barycz river valley
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Oswin site
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Comana
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Dumbrăviţa - Rotbav - Măgura Codlei
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin)
Romania Fizes valley
Romania Iazurile de pe Văile Ibănesei - Başeului - Podrigăi
Romania Lake Strachina
Romania Mândra wetlands
Romania Măxineni
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Serbia Jegricka
Slovakia Medzibodrozie
Slovakia Parízske marshes
Slovakia Poiplie
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia River Mura
Spain Llobregat delta
Ukraine Konka river mouth
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Udaj river valley

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Zapornia parva. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/10/2019.