LC
Little Crake Zapornia parva



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Zapornia parva (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Porzana.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 50 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 19,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 100000-499999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 55,000-82,900 calling or lekking males, which equates to 110,000-166,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 60% of the global range so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 183,000-277,000 mature individuals although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is therefore placed in the band 100,000-499,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: In Europe the population size is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015). With no evidence of declines elsewhere in the range the overall population is estimated to be stable.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Cape Verde V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea V Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Qatar V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda V Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Zehunský rybník pond
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Carska bara
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Sialiec
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes
Lithuania Zaltytis
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Pape
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Comana
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Slovenia River Mura
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Dannemora
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Janów forests
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Swidwie lake
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Oswin site
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Slesin and Wystep ponds
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Hungary Kis-Sárrét
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake
Hungary Pacsmag Lakes of Regöly
Hungary Lake Fertő
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Bodrogzug–Taktaköz
Hungary Flood plain of Tiszaalpár
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Kesznyéten
Hungary Tápió valley
Spain Llobregat delta
Ukraine Bondar marsh
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Supij marsh
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Dranyts'kyj protected locality
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Samara river valley
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Etang de Lindre
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Marais de Brière
France Camargue
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Basse vallée du Var
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Ponte Buriano-Lago della Penna
Italy Iseo peatlands
Czechia Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds)
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Jegricka
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Horna Orava
Slovakia Senné
Slovakia Parízske marshes
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia River Danube flood-plain
Slovakia Poiplie
Slovakia Medzibodrozie
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria Lobau
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Machland
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Lewitz
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Spreewald
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Wendesser moor
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Northern Wetterau
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Lower Posavina
Ukraine Konka river mouth
Belarus Prostyr
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (European) Nizhnekamskaya flood-plain
Latvia Liepaja lake
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Babite lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
France Iles Finocchiarola et côte de Tamarone à Centuri
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Brenne centrale
France La Dombes
France Lac et marais du Bourget
Kazakhstan Kultansor and Tatysor Lakes
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (European) Marshes near Pavlovskoye Zaoch'ye and adjoining floodplain of Oka river
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Russia (European) Forest in the middle reaches of Serezha river
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Ibmer Moor
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Bubnow Marsh
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Poland Barycz river valley
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Pasleka river valley
Italy Ticino river
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Orzysz Military Area
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Podedworze Reservoir
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Polesie
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Italy Lake Candia
Belarus Arechaŭskaje
Poland Swidwie Site
Croatia Neretva Delta
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Croatia Vrana Lake and Jasen
Croatia Pokuplje Basin
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Valli Bolognesi
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Netherlands Ketelmeer & Vossemeer
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Recknitz and Trebel valley
Germany Uckertal / Unteruckersee
Germany Wernauer and Unterensinger gravel pits
Germany Schwarzensee and Kolbenmoor with Kolbensee
Germany Wetterau
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Dumbrăviţa - Rotbav - Măgura Codlei
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin)
Romania Iazurile de pe Văile Ibănesei - Başeului - Podrigăi
Romania Lake Strachina
Romania Mândra wetlands
Romania Măxineni
Romania Fizes valley
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Roztocze
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Poland Lower Sola River Valley
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Karas Lake
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Kwiecewo Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Peatbogs at Wieprz River
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Sredzka Struga and Maskawa River Valley
Slovenia Črete
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Belarus Braslav lakes
Belarus Polesye valley of river Buh
Italy Punta Alberete, Canna Valley, San Vitale Pinewood, and Pialassa of Baiona
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Lahepera lake
Serbia Becej fishpond

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Zapornia parva. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/06/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/06/2020.