Little Auk Alle alle


BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Fangel, K., Aas, Ø., Vølstad, J., Bærum, K., Christensen-Dalsgaard, S., Nedreaas, K., Overvik, M., Wold, L., Anker-Nilssen, T. 2015. Assessing incidental bycatch of seabirds in Norwegian coastal commercial fisheries: Empirical and methodological lessons. Global Ecology and Conservation. 14.

Fort, J., Moe, B., Strøm, H., Grémillet, D., Welcker, J., Schultner, J., Jerstad, K., Johansen, K.L., Phillips, R.A. and Mosbech, A. 2013. Multicolony tracking reveals potential threats to little auks wintering in the North Atlantic from marine pollution and shrinking sea ice cover. Diversity and Distributions 19: 1322-1332.

Grémillet, D., Fort, J., Amélineau, F., Zakharova, E., Le Bot, T., Sala, E. and Gavrilo, M. 2015. Arctic warming: nonlinear impacts of sea-ice and glacier melt on seabird foraging. Global Change Biology 21(3): 1116-1123.

Grémillet, D., Welcker, J., Karnovsky, N., Walkusz, W., Hall, M.E., Fort, J., Brown, Z.W., Speakman, J. and Harding, A.M.A. 2012. Little auks buffer the impact of current Arctic climate change. Marine Ecology Progress Series 454: 197-206.

Hovinen, J.E.H., Welcker, J., Descamps, S., Strøm, H., Jerstad, K., Berge, J. and Steen, H. 2014. Climate warming decreases the survival of the little auk (Alle alle), a high Arctic avian predator. Ecology and Evolution 4: 3127-3138.

Merkel, F.R. 2011. Gillnet bycatch of seabirds in Southwest Greenland 2003-2008. Technical Report No. 85. Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Pinngortitaleriffik.

Nordiska Ministerrådet. 2010. Action Plan for Seabirds in Western-Nordic Areas - Report from a Workshop in Malmö, Sweden, 4-5 May 2010. Nordic Council of Ministers' Publishing House, Copenhagen.

Wiese, F.K. and Robertson, G.J. 2004. Assessing seabird mortality from chronic oil discharges at sea. The Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 627-638.

Žydelis, R.; Small, C.; French, G. 2013. The incidental catch of seabirds in gillnet fisheries: A global review. Biological Conservation 162: 76-88.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Alle alle. Downloaded from on 11/04/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 11/04/2021.