Liben Lark Heteromirafra archeri


Anon. 2015. Sustainable management of an Ethiopian rangeland for biodiversity and pastoralists. Darwin Initiative. Available at: (Accessed: 04/08/2015).

Ash, J. S.; Miskell, J. E. 1998. Birds of Somalia. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.

Collar, N. J.; Abebe, Y. D.; Fishpool, L. D. C.; Gabremichael, M. N.; Spottiswoode, C. N.; Wondafrash, M. 2008. Type locality, habitat, behaviour, voice, nest, eggs and plight of the Sidamo Lark Heteromirafra sidamoensis. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 15(2): 180-190.

Collar, N. J.; Stuart, S. N. 1985. Threatened birds of Africa and related islands: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, and International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Cambridge, U.K.

Coppock, D.L. 1994. International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Donald, P. F.; Buchanan, G. M.; Collar, N. J.; Abebe, Y. D.; Gabremichael, M. N.; Mwangi, M. A. K.; Ndang'ang'a, P. K.; Spottiswoode, C. N.; Wondafrash, M. 2010. Rapid declines in habitat quality and population size of the Liben (Sidamo) Lark Heteromirafra sidamoensis necessitate immediate conservation action. Bird Conservation International 20(1): 1-12.

EWNHS. 1996. Important Bird Areas of Ethiopia: a first inventory. Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society, Addis Ababa.

Mills, M. S. L.; Cohen, C.; Francis, J.; Spottiswoode, C. N. 2015. A survey for the Critically Endangered Liben Lark Heteromirafra archeri in Somaliland, north-western Somalia. Ostrich 86: 291-294.

Robertson, I. S. 1995. First field observations on the Sidamo Lark Heteromirafra sidamoensis. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 115: 241-243.

Spottiswoode, C. N.; Wondafrash, M.; Gabremichael, M. N.; Abebe, Y. D.; Mwangi, M. A. K.; Collar, N. J.; Dolman, P. M. 2009. Rangeland degradation is poised to cause Africa's first recorded avian extinction. Animal Conservation 12(3): 249-257.

Spottiswoode, C.N., Olsson, U., Mills, M.S., Cohen, C., Francis, J.E., Toye, N., Hoddinott, D., Dagne, A., Wood, C., Donald, P.F., Collar, N.J. and Alström, P. 2013. Rediscovery of a long-lost lark reveals the conspecificity of endangered Heteromirafra populations in the Horn of Africa. Journal of Ornithology 154(3): 813-825.

Ward-Francis, A. 2015. Closing the hunger gap: Establishing grassland reserves in Ethiopia. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Available at: (Accessed: 04/08/2015).

Further resources

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Species Guardian Action Update

This species has been identified as an Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) trigger - click here for more information

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Heteromirafra archeri. Downloaded from on 21/07/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/07/2018.