LC
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,290,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,360,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number in the tens of thousands. The European population is estimated at 3,500-6,900 pairs, which equates to 7,000-13,800 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 75-94% of the global range (BirdLife International 2004), so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 7,400-18,400 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. This is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe the population trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Cameroon V Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya V Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Qatar V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovenia V Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Tanzania V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan V Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
North Macedonia Demir Kapija Gorge
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Azerbaijan Alazani river valley
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest
Azerbaijan Sheki upland
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Lomovete
Bulgaria Radinchevo
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Suha Reka
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka
Bulgaria Derventski Heights
Romania Niculitel and Babadag forest
Romania Hagieni forest
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Kythira island
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Asvestades - Vrysika area
Greece Evros delta
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Thessaly plain
Greece Farsala area
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Russia (European) Priyeruslanskiye sands
Russia (European) North part of Volgogradski reservoir
Russia (European) Kupy area
Russia (European) Akhtubinsk wetland
Russia (European) Kalachskaya Loop of Don River
Russia (European) Rubezhnoye forest
Russia (European) Secretevskiye sands
Russia (European) Kalitvenski forest
Russia (European) Gorodishchenski forest
Russia (European) Vicinity of Borisoglebovka (Saratovski [Semenovski] Reserve)
Russia (European) Stepan Rasin Rock
Georgia Meskheti
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Jordan Northern Jordan Valley (North Ghor)
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley
Israel Northern Arava valley
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Israel Hula valley
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud
Jordan Wadi Mujib
Jordan Jordan Valley
Russia (European) Yangiyurtovski reserve and Bakas fen
Russia (European) Tsimlyanskiye sands
Russia (European) Migulinskiye sands
Russia (European) Elanskaya
Russia (European) Ostrovnoi
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Malak Preslavets marsh
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Armenia Jermook
Armenia Meghri
Armenia Noravank
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Russia (European) Golubinskiye Sands
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river
Russia (European) Dono-Donetskoye flood-plain
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Touran
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Dena, and Yasuj and Sisakht area
Israel Judean foothills
Israel Judean desert
Jordan Shaumari
Jordan Dana
Kuwait Al-Abraq Al-Khabari
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
North Macedonia Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness
Yemen Al-Kadan area
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Bulgaria Rupite
Jordan Aqaba coast and mountains
Kazakhstan Mugodzhary
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands
Russia (European) Shakinski oak forest
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands
Jordan Madaba - Hisban
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube
Lebanon Fnaideq Forest
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Lebanon Lake Qaraoun
Kazakhstan Zhagabulak Forest
Lebanon Qammouaa
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ural and Kindeli rivers
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ilek river near Pokrovka
Russia (European) Kundryuchenskiye sands
Russia (European) Severo-donetskaya
Russia (European) Snake hills
Russia (European) Ust'-Medveditskaya area
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin)
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Babadag wood
Lebanon Beirut River Valley
Lebanon Bentael forest area
Lebanon Ramlieh Valley
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Lebanon Jabal Moussa Mountain
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh
Armenia Dsegh
Armenia Gndasar
Armenia Haghartsin
Egypt Gebel El Zeit
Egypt Suez
Egypt Ras Mohammed National Park
Egypt Ain Sukhna
Jordan Azraq
Lebanon Hima Anjar - Kfar Zabad
Serbia Suva mountain
Palestinian Authority Territories Ein Al-Fashkha
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Pester
Serbia Derdap gorge
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Stara mountains
Greece River Axios
Greece Antikythira island and surrounding islets
Serbia Negotinska krajina
Serbia Pirotsko polje

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Accipiter brevipes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2020.