Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,290,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,360,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number in the tens of thousands. The European population is estimated at 3,500-6,900 pairs, which equates to 7,000-13,800 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 75-94% of the global range (BirdLife International 2004), so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 7,400-18,400 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. This is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe the population trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria V Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Cameroon V Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya V Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Qatar V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovenia V Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Tanzania V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan V Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Armenia Jermook
Armenia Meghri
Armenia Noravank
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Thessaly plain
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud
Israel Hula valley
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Israel Northern Arava valley
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Jordan Aqaba coast and mountains
Jordan Northern Jordan Valley (North Ghor)
Jordan Wadi Mujib
Kazakhstan Mugodzhary
Kazakhstan Zhagabulak Forest
North Macedonia Demir Kapija Gorge
North Macedonia Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Babadag wood
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin)
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Russia (European) Akhtubinsk wetland
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands
Russia (European) Elanskaya
Russia (European) Golubinskiye Sands
Russia (European) Kalachskaya Loop of Don River
Russia (European) Kundryuchenskiye sands
Russia (European) Migulinskiye sands
Russia (European) North part of Volgogradski reservoir
Russia (European) Secretevskiye sands
Russia (European) Stepan Rasin Rock
Russia (European) Tsimlyanskiye sands
Russia (European) Vicinity of Borisoglebovka (Saratovski [Semenovski] Reserve)
Russia (European) Yangiyurtovski reserve and Bakas fen

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Reduced reproductive success

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Accipiter brevipes. Downloaded from on 30/03/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 30/03/2020.