Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus


Aarvak, T., Øien, I.J., Syroechkovski, E.E., Jr. and Kostadinova, I. 1997. The Lesser White-fronted Goose monitoring programme: annual report 1997. Norwegian Ornithological Society, Klaebu, Norway.

Aarvak, T.; Øien, I. J. 2003. Moult and autumn migration of non-breeding Fennoscandian Lesser White-fronted Geese Anser erythropus mapped by satellite telemetry. Bird conservation International 13: 213-226.

African Eurasian Waterbird Agreement. 2008. 1st MEETING of the COMMITT EE for CAPTIVE BREEDING, REINTRODUCTION and SUPPLEMENTATION of LESSER WHITE- FRONTED GEESE in FENNOSCANDIA. In: Kirsten Martin (ed.). Bonn.

Alerstam, T. 1990. Bird migration. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Barter, M.; Chen Liwei; Cao Lei; Lei Gang. 2004. Waterbird survey of the Middle and Lower Yangtze River floodplain in late January and early February 2004. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Collar, N.J.; Butchart, S.H.M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

Cong, P.; Wang, X.; Cao, L.; Fox, A. D. 2012. Within-winter shifts in Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus distribution at East Dongting Lake, China. Ardea 100: 5-11.

Cramp, S.; Simmons, K. E. L. 1977. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic, vol. I: ostriches to ducks. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Ebbinge, B.S. and Spaans, B. 1995. The importance of body reserves accumulated in spring staging areas in the temperate zone for breeding in Dark-bellied Brent Geese Branta b. bernicla in the high Arctic. Journal of Avian Biology 26: 105-113.

Fox, A. D.; Ebbinge, B. S.; Mitchell, C.; Heinicke, T.; Aarvak, T.; Colhoun, K.; Clausen, P.; Dereliev, S.; Faragó, S.; Koffijberg, K.; Kruckenberg, H.; Loonen, M. J. J. E.; Madsen, J.; Mooij, J.; Musil, P.; Nilsson, L, Pihl, S.; van der Jeugd, H. 2010. Current estimates of goose population sizes in western Europe, a gap analysis and an assesment of trends. Ornis Svecica 20(3-4): 115-127.

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Jia, Q.; Koyama, K.; Choi, C.-Y.; Kim, H.-J.; Cao, L.; Gao, D.; Liu, G.; Fox, A. D. 2016. Population estimates and geographical distributions of swans and geese in East Asia based on counts during the non-breeding season. Bird Conservation International 26: 397-417.

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Kostadinova, I.; Øien, I. J.; Aarvak, T. 1999. Awareness campaign for the Lesser White-fronted Goose. In: Tolvanen, P.; O1ien, I.J.; Ruokolainen, K. (ed.), Fennoscandian Lesser White-fronted Goose conservation project. Annual report 1998, pp. 11. World Wildlife Fund, Helsinki.

Li Zuo Wei,. D.; Mundkur, T. 2004. Numbers and distribution of waterbirds and wetlands in the Asia-Pacific region. Results of the Asian waterbird census: 1997-2001. Wetlands International, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Lorentsen, S., Øien, I. J. and Aarvak, T. 1998. Migration of Fennoscandian Lesser White-fronted Geese Anser erythropus mapped by satellite telemetry. Biological Conservation 84: 47-52.

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Madsen, J. 1996. International action plan for the Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus. In: Heredia, B.; Rose, L.; Painter, M. (ed.), Globally threatened birds in Europe: action plans, pp. 67-78. Council of Europe, and BirdLife International, Strasbourg.

Morozov, V. V. 1995. Recent conditions, distribution and population trend of the Lesser White-fronted Goose population in Russia. Bulletin of Geese Study Group of Eastern Europe and Northern Asia: 131-144.

Morozov, V. V. 2006. The Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus at the verge of the millennium. In: Boere, G.; Galbraith, C., Stroud, D. (ed.), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 380-381. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Munteanu, D., Weber, P., Szabó, J., Gogu-Bogdan, M. and Marinov, M. 1991. A note on the present status of geese in Romania. Ardea 79: 165-166.

Øien, I. J.; Aarvak, T.; Morozov, V. V. 2005. A wild goose chase across Central Asia to the Middle East. World Birdwatch 27(2): 24-26.

Petkov, N., Øien, I.J. and Aarvak, T. 1999. Occurrence of Lesser White-fronted Geese in north-east Bulgaria in February 1998. In: P. Tolvanen, I.J. Øien and K. Ruokolainen (eds), Fennoscandian Lesser White-fronted Goose conservation project. Annual report 1998, pp. 9-10. WWF Finland & NOS, Helsinki.

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Tolvanen, P., Oien, I.J. and Ruokolainen, K. 1999. Fennoscandian Lesser White-fronted Goose conservation project. Annual report 1998. World Wildlife Fund, Helsinki.

Wang X.; Fox, A. D.; Cong P. H.; Cao L. 2013. Food constraints explain the restricted distribution of wintering Lesser White-fronted Geese Anser erythropus in China. Ibis 155: 576-592.

Wang, X.; Fox, A. D.; Cong, P.; Barter, M.; Cao, L. 2012. Changes in the distribution and abundance of Lesser White-fronted Geese Anser erythropus in eastern China. Bird Conservation International 22: 128-134.

Zöckler, C. and Lysenko, I. 2000. Water birds on the edge. First circumpolar assessment of climate change impact on Arctic breeding water birds. WCMC, Cambridge, U.K.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Goose Specialist Group

IUCN SSC Threatened Waterfowl Specialist Group

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Fennoscandian Lesser White-fronted Goose Conservation Project

International Action Plan

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Anser erythropus. Downloaded from on 22/05/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/05/2022.