LC
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
Turbott, E. G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 47,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 96,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.310,000-390,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-1,000 wintering individuals and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Taiwan; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the impacts of habitat modification on population sizes.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Australia N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Bhutan V Extant
Brunei N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Canada V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Christmas Island (to Australia) N Extant
Comoros V Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Fiji N Extant Yes Yes
France V Extant
Germany V Extant
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel V Extant
Japan N Extant
Kazakhstan V Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Libya N Extant
Madagascar V Extant
Malaysia N Extant Yes
Maldives N Extant
Marshall Islands N Extant Yes
Mauritius V Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia V Extant
Nauru U Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant
New Caledonia (to France) N Extant
New Zealand N Extant
North Korea N Extant
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Philippines N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant
Russia (Asian) N Extant
Rwanda V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Solomon Islands N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain V Extant
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Syria V Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant Yes
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vanuatu V Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia V Extant
Zimbabwe V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Kenya Mida Creek, Whale Island and the Malindi - Watamu coast
Kenya Tana River Delta
Mozambique Greater Bazaruto
United Arab Emirates Abu Al Abyad Island
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Beidah
United Arab Emirates Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)
Bahrain Tubli Bay
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Barr al Hikman
Oman Masirah island
Oman Duqm
Oman Al Batinah coast
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons
Yemen Midi - Al-Luhayyah
Yemen Aden
Sri Lanka Araly South-Punalai
Sri Lanka Kayts Island-Mandathive
Sri Lanka Seguwantive mudflats
Bangladesh Patenga Beach
Malaysia Bako-Buntal Bay
Malaysia North-central Selangor coast
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand
Philippines Manila Bay
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays
China (mainland) Laizhou Wan
Russia (Asian) Tyk and Viakhtu bays
Russia (Asian) Aniva bay
Russia (Asian) Nevskoye Lake
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons
Indonesia Pesisir Riau Tenggara
Indonesia Pesisir Pantai Jambi
South Korea Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island
South Korea Tidal flat area of Yeongjong-do island
South Korea Namyang Bay
South Korea Mangyeong estuary
South Korea Dongjin estuary
South Korea Muan tidal flat
Vietnam Nghia Hung
India Mahul - Sewree Creek
India Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary
South Korea Yubu-do island
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bushire Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Kuwait Ad-Doha Nature Reserve
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Oman Ra's as Sawadi - Juzor as Sawadi
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains
Tajikistan Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria)
Tajikistan Karakul lake and mountains
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes)
Australia Great Sandy Strait
Australia Gulf Plains
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai)
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama
Russia (Asian) Ola lagoon
Kenya Boni and Dodori National Reserves
United Arab Emirates Marawah Island
United Arab Emirates Ba Al Ghaylam
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Jazirah
United Arab Emirates Bu Tinah
United Arab Emirates Siniyah Island
Philippines Buguey wetlands
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
China (mainland) Tiaozini (Dongtai coast)
China (mainland) Rudong coast
China (mainland) Dongling coast
China (mainland) Xitou coast
China (mainland) Beihai coast
China (mainland) Meilisha reclamation pools

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable passage
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subarctic suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Charadrius mongolus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/06/2022.