Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,600,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,400,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1200000-3299999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 331,000-896,000 pairs, which equates to 662,000-1,790,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.55% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1,200,000-3,260,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to a multitude of possible ongoing threats (Harris and Franklin 2000). In Europe, trends between 1999 and 2013 have shown a steep decline (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Comoros V Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czech Republic N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho V Extant
Libya N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger V Extant
Nigeria V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan V Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Swaziland N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Croatia Cetina River
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Lika Karst Fields
Croatia Neretva Delta
Croatia Ravni Kotari
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
Georgia Iori Region
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Thessaly plain
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Bihar Plain
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Gerje-sik
Hungary Heves Plain
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Italy Albegna river valley
Italy Ausoni and Aurunci mountains
Italy Bassa Parmense
Italy Lake Bracciano and Tolfa hills
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Murge
Moldova Purcari - Etulia
North Macedonia Ovche Pole
North Macedonia Pelagonia
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor
Romania Cursul Mijlociu al Someşului
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Stepa Casimcea
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Slovakia Cerová upland and Rimava valley
Slovakia Dolné Považie
Slovakia Medzibodrozie
Slovakia Poiplie
Slovakia Polana
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Spain Ampurdán marshes
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes
Spain Sasos del Cinca Medio
Ukraine Mokri Yasli forestry plantation

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Unknown Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Lanius minor. Downloaded from on 21/08/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/08/2019.