LC
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,600,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,400,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1200000-3299999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 331,000-896,000 pairs, which equates to 662,000-1,790,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.55% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1,200,000-3,260,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to a multitude of possible ongoing threats (Harris and Franklin 2000). In Europe, trends between 1999 and 2013 have shown a steep decline (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Comoros V Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho V Extant
Libya N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger V Extant
Nigeria V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan V Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Cape Greco
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Georgia Algeti
Romania Lake Taşaul
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Socodor wood
Slovenia Planina polje
Slovenia Reka valley
Slovenia Goričko
Moldova Tigheci Forest
Moldova Hâncești Forest
Moldova Purcari - Etulia
Moldova Congaz – Taraclia Lakes
Moldova Lower Prut River and Manta-Beleu Lake
Moldova Lower Dniester River
Moldova Central Forest
Moldova Beech Land Forest
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Greece Fournoi island
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Saria island and northern Karpathos
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece Thessaly plain
Greece Tyrnavos area
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Ecseg Pusztas of Dévaványa
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Bihar Plain
Hungary Moson Plain
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Hungary Gerje-sik
Hungary Tápió valley
Russia (European) Volga Delta
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes
Spain Ampurdán marshes
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Mokri Yasli forestry plantation
France Etang de Capestang
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Crau
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Vallée de l'Aisne
Italy Murge
Italy Gargano promontory
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Tolfa hills
Italy Circeo National Park
Italy River Biferno
Italy Torrile LIPU reserve
Italy River Cecina middle valley
Italy Manferrara forest
Italy Litorale Romano
Italy Ausoni and Aurunci mountains
Italy Crete Senesi
Italy Daunia mountains
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Uccellina mountains, Trappola marshes and Ombrone mouth
Italy Orbetello lagoon and Burano lake
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Serbia Jegricka
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Sysľovské fields
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia Poiplie
Slovakia Poľana
Slovakia Medzibodrožie
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Vlasina
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Croatia Neretva Delta
Croatia Cetina River
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Kornati National Park and Telascica Nature Park
Croatia Mount Velebit
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake
Russia (European) Leninsk forest area
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Svishtov-Belene Lowland
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Emine
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
North Macedonia Ovche Pole
Iraq Benavi and Sararu
Iraq Dure
Iraq Amedi and Sulav
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake
Bulgaria Belene Islands Complex
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Pilica River Valley
Slovenia Slovenske gorice
Slovenia Kozjansko - Jovsi
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Hungary Kaszáló Wood of Abony
Hungary Heves Plain
Croatia Ravni Kotari
Croatia Lika Karst Fields
Slovakia Cerová upland and Rimava valley
Slovakia Dolné Považie
Italy Bassa Parmense
Italy Albegna river valley
Italy Lake Bracciano and Tolfa hills
Italy Gravine
North Macedonia Pelagonia
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Cursul Mijlociu al Someşului
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni
Romania Stepa Casimcea
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Slovenia Dobrava - Jovsi
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Spain Sasos del Cinca Medio
Moldova Royal Forest
Greece Ioannina city
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Serbia Gornja Mostonga
Serbia Slatine srednjeg Banata
Serbia Vrsacki ritovi

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Lanius minor. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/01/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/01/2021.