NT
Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2016 Near Threatened A2c+3c+4c
2012 Near Threatened A2c+3c+4c
2008 Near Threatened A2c; A3c; A4c
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type continent
shelf island
Average mass 22 g
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 3,820,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown - - -
Population trend decreasing poor suspected 2014-2024
Rate of change over the past 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 20-29% - - -
Rate of change over the future 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 20-29% - - -
Rate of change over the past & future 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 20-29% - - -
Generation length 2.8 years - - -

Population justification: The population size is unknown, but the species is described as common where habitat remains (del Hoyo et al. 2006, Wells 2020).

Trend justification: Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid (Kalimantan lost nearly 25% of its evergreen forest during 1985-1997, and Sumatra lost almost 30% of its 1985 cover), because of a variety of factors, including the escalation of logging and land conversion, with deliberate targeting of all remaining stands of valuable timber including those inside protected areas, plus forest fires (particularly in 1997-1998). However, the population is suspected to have declined more slowly at a rate of 20-29% over three generations as the species can tolerate secondary habitats. Declines may also be further compounded by marginal hunting and trapping pressures (Symes et al. 2018).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Brunei extant native yes
Indonesia extant native yes
Malaysia extant native yes
Myanmar extant native yes
Singapore extant native yes
Thailand extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Malaysia Nakawan Range
Malaysia Ulu Muda
Malaysia Bintang Range
Malaysia Pondok Tanjung Forest Reserve
Malaysia Belum-Temenggor
Malaysia Kledang Range
Malaysia Central Titiwangsa Range
Malaysia Selangor Heritage Park
Malaysia Endau-Rompin
Malaysia Panti forest
Malaysia Krau Wildlife Reserve
Malaysia Taman Negara National Park
Malaysia South-east Pahang peat swamp forest
Malaysia Crocker Range
Malaysia Mount Kinabalu
Malaysia Kinabatangan floodplain
Malaysia Danum Valley Conservation Area
Malaysia Maliau Basin Conservation Area
Malaysia Tabin Wildlife Reserve
Malaysia Kabili-Sepilok
Malaysia Tanjung Datu-Samunsam Protected Area
Malaysia Gunung Pueh
Malaysia Bako-Buntal Bay
Malaysia Bau Limestone
Malaysia Sadong-Saribas coast
Malaysia Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary
Malaysia Danum-Linau
Malaysia Similajau National Park
Malaysia Niah National Park
Malaysia Lambir Hills National Park
Malaysia Mulu - Buda Protected Area
Thailand Bala Sector, Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary
Thailand Chaloem Pra Kiet (Pa Phru to Daeng)
Thailand Hala Sector, Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary and Bang Lang National Park
Thailand Kaeng Krachan
Thailand Khao Banthad
Thailand Khao Luang
Thailand Khao Nor Chuchi
Thailand Thaleban

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations marginal resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens marginal resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist marginal resident
Altitude 0 - 700 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 1100 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Chloropsis cyanopogon. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/lesser-green-leafbird-chloropsis-cyanopogon on 26/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 26/02/2024.