Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus


Anon. 2009. Identification and mapping of Lesser Florican breeding sites to develop a fodder producing grassland network in western India. Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History Annual Report 2007-2008: 17-18.

Anon. 2014. Great Indian Bustard. Preventing Extinctions Programme Progress Report. Bombay Natural History Society.

Bhardwaj, G. S.; Sivakumar, K.; Jhala, Y. V. 2011. Status, distribution and conservation perspectives of Lesser Florican in the North-Western India: A Survey Report. Wildlife Institute of India.

Dharmakumarsinhji, K. S. 1950. The Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica (Miller): its courtship display, behaviour and habits. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 49: 201-216.

Dutta, S., Narwade, S., Bipin, C. M., Gadhavi, D., Uddin, M., Mhaskar, M., Pandey, D., Mohan, A., Sharma, H., Iyer, S., Tripathi, R., Verma, V., Varma, V., Jangid, A., Chakdar, B., Karulkar, A., Lambture, B., Khongsai, N., Kumar, S., Gore, K., Jhala, D., Vaidya, N., Horne, B., Chittora, A., Annigeri, B. S., Trivedi, M. & Jhala, Y.V. 2018. Status of the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus and implications for its conservation. Dehradun: Wildlife Institute of India.

Dutta, S.; Jhala, Y.V. 2012. Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica: Final Report. Research and Conservation of Endangered and Threatened Fauna of Kachchh: An Integrated Approach. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.

Dutta, S.; Rahmani, A.; Gautam, P.; Kasambe, R.; Narwade, S.; Narayan, G.; Jhala. Y. 2013. Guidelines for state action plan for resident bustards’ recovery programme. The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi.

eBird. 2021. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. Ithaca, New York Available at:

Inskipp, C., Baral, H.S., Phuyal, S., Bhatt, T.R., Khatiwada, M., Inskipp, T., Khatiwada, A., Gurung, S., Singh, P.B., Murray, L., Poudyal, L. and Amin, R. 2016. The Status of Nepal’s Birds: the National Red List series. Zoological Society of London.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Joshua, J. 2011. Assessing the possibilities of restoring the habitat and population of great Indian bustard in Sokaliya area of Ajmer District, Rajasthan. Final Report. The Rufford Small Grants Foundation.

Kasambe, R.; Gahale, P. 2010. Status survey and sighting records of Lesser Florican (Sypheotides indicus) in Maharashtra. Mistnet 11: 7-9.

Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. 2003. Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act 2002. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Mishra, M. C. & Ghosh, S. 2020. Lesser florican on verge of extinction in Madhya Pradesh, a ray of hope in Rajasthan. Available at: (Accessed: 12th August 2021).

Narwade, S. S., Karulkar, A. K., Lambture, B. R., Chakdar, B., Khongsai, N., Jathar, G. & Apte, D. 2017. Status survey of Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus for preparation of landscape-level conservation plan. Report submitted to BirdLife International under Prevention of Extinctions Programme (PEP). Bombay Natural History Society.

Narwade, S. S.; Hegde, V.; Fulzele, V. V.; Lalsare, B. T.; Rahmani, A. R. 2015. Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica in Warora (Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India): Conservation requirements. Indian Birds 10(2): 50-52.

Narwade, S., P. Pansare, N. Bora, S. Kaur Sharma & D. Apte. 2020. Status survey of Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus for developing a conservation plan for Shokaliya area, Rajasthan. Final report submitted to Goverment of Rajasthan. Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).

Pandharipande, K.. 2015. Rediscovering endangered Lesser Florican by involving Phase Pardhi, a traditional hunting community. Pp64–67. In: P. Thamizoli & B. Pisupati (ed.), Sustainable development: stories from those making it possible.. FLEDGE, Chennai. Downloaded from

Pinjarkar, V. 2018. After Great Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican too faces threat of extinction. Times of India: Accessed at on 04/05/2021.

Raha, B.; Prakash, V. 2001. Occurrence of Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica at Hosor, in Nashik district, Maharashtra. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 98: 279.

Rahmani, A. R. 2006. Need to start Project Bustards.

Sankaran, R. 1995. The status and conservation of the Lesser Florican. In: Vijayan, L. (ed.), Avian conservation in India, pp. 22-24. Sacon, Coimbatore.

Sankaran, R. 2000. The status of the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica in 1999.

Sankaran, R. 2006. Identification and mapping of Lesser Florican breeding sites to develop a fodder producing grassland network in western India. Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History Annual Report 2005-2006: 21-22.

Tomar, S. 2020. MP on verge of losing Lesser Floricans, state wants breeding center. Hindustan Times: Accessed at on 04/05/2021.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Bustard Specialist Group

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Sypheotides indicus. Downloaded from on 30/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 30/06/2022.