Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor


Anderson, M.D. 2008. A vision in pink: Lesser Flamingo breeding success. Africa - Birds & Birding 13(2): 42-49.

Anderson, M.D. 2008. Lesser Flamingo's most important breeding site remains under threat. Africa - Birds & Birding 13(4): 19.

Anderson, M.D. 2015. Happy Kamfers. African Birdlife 13(2): 28-33.

Anon. 2008. Action Planning Workshop for the Lesser Flamingo in Nairobi, Kenya. AEWA Newsletter: 12.

Borello, W.D.; Mundy, J.M.; Liversedge, T.N. 1998. Movements of Greater and Lesser Flamingo in southern Africa. Torgos 28: 201-218.

Brown, L.H.; Root, A. 1971. The breeding behaviour of the Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor. Ibis 113: 147-172.

Brown, L.H.; Urban, E.K.; Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

Childress, B.; Hughes, B.; Harper, D.; van den Bossche, W. 2007. East African flyway and key site network of the Lesser Flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor) documented through satellite tracking. Ostrich 78(2): 463-468.

Childress, B.; Nagy, S.; Hughes, B. 2008. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Lesser Flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor). Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA).

Clamsen, T.E.M.; Maliti, H.; Fyumagwa, R. 2011. Current population status, trend and distribution of Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor at Lake Natron, Tanzania Clamsen, T. Flamingo 18: 54-57.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Delany, S.; Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Jadhav, A.; Parasharya, B.M. 2004. Counts of flamingos at some sites in Gujarat State, India. Waterbirds 27: 141-146.

Kootsositse, M.V. 2012. Restoring a disappearing site in Botswana. BirdLife Afr. Newsl. 13.5: 30.

Kulshreshtha, S.; Kulshreshtha, M.; Sharma, B.K. 2011. Ecology and present status of flamingos at Sambhar Salt Lake, Rajasthan, India: a critical comparison with past records. Flamingo 18: 24-27.

McCulloch, G.; Aebischer, A.; Irvine, K. 2003. Satellite tracking of flamingos in southern Africa: the importance of small wetlands for management and conservation. Oryx 37: 480-483.

McCulloch, G.; Irvine, K. 2004. Breeding of Greater and Lesser Flamingos at Sua Pan, Botswana, 1998-2001. Ostrich 75: 236-242.

Moreno-Opo, R.; Ould Sidaty, Z.E.; Baldó, J.M.; García, F.; Ould Sehla Daf, D.; González, L.M. 2013. A breeding colony of the Near Threatened Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor in western Africa: a conservation story of threats and land management. Bird Conservation International 23: 426-436.

NamPower/ Namibia Nature Foundation Strategic Partnership. 2010. Focus on flamingos and power lines. Newsletter No. 5.

Parasharya, B.M.; Rank, D.N.; Harper, D.M.; Crosa, G.; Zaccara, S.; Patel, N.; Joshi, C.G. 2015. Long-distance dispersal capability of lesser flamingo Phoeniconaias minor between India and Africa: genetic inferences for future conservation plans. Ostrich 86: 221-229.

Rose, P.M.; Scott, D.A. 1997. Waterfowl population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Simmons, R.E. 1996. Population declines, viable breeding areas, and management options for flamingos in southern Africa. Conservation Biology 10: 504-514.

Tere, A.; Parasharya, B.M. 2011. Flamingo mortality due to collision with high tension electric wires in Gujarat, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3: 2192-2201.

Vijayan, L.; Somasundaram, S.; Zaibin, A.P.; Nandan, B. 2011. Population and habitat of the Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor in Thane Creek, Mumbai, India. Flamingo 18: 58-61.

Zaccara, S.; Crosa, G.; Childress, B.; McCulloch, G.; Harper, D.M. 2008. Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor populations in eastern and southern Africa are not genetically isolated. Ostrich 79(2): 165-170.

Zaccara, S.; Crosa, G.; Vanetti, I.; Binelli, G.; Brooks, C.; Mcculloch, G.; Harper, D. M. 2011. Lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor) as a nomadic species in African shallow alkaline lakes and pans: genetic structure and future perspectives. Ostrich 82: 95-100.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Flamingo Specialist Group

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Lesser Flamingo International Working Group

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Phoeniconaias minor. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/lesser-flamingo-phoeniconaias-minor on 07/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 07/06/2023.