LC
Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Elaenia chiriquensis and E. brachyptera (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as E. chriquensis following AOU (1998 & supplements), SACC (2005 & updates), Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993) and Stotz et al. (1996).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2022 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 15,000,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 5000000-49999999 mature individuals poor suspected 2022
Population trend stable - suspected -
Generation length 2.99 years - - -

Population justification: The global population is suspected to number 5,000,000-49,999,999 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2022).

Trend justification: The species occurs in a variety of open and woodland habitats and appears tolerant of converted and disturbed areas (Hosner et al. 2020). Therefore, in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats, the population is suspected to be stable.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Argentina extant native yes
Bolivia extant native yes
Brazil extant native yes
Colombia extant native yes
Costa Rica extant native yes
Ecuador extant native yes
French Guiana extant native yes
Guyana extant native yes
Panama extant native yes
Paraguay extant native yes
Peru extant native yes
Suriname extant native yes
Trinidad and Tobago extant native yes
Venezuela extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Savanna Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2800 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Elaenia chiriquensis. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/lesser-elaenia-elaenia-chiriquensis on 21/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 21/02/2024.