LC
Lesser Antillean Euphonia Euphonia flavifrons



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Euphonia musica, E. sclateri and E. flavifrons (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as E. musica following AOU (1998 & supplements); Sibley & Monroe (1990, 1993); Stotz et al. (1996).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 14 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 49,600 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.5 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common but patchily distributed' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant Yes
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Possibly Extinct Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Dominica N Extant Yes
Grenada N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant Yes
St Lucia N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Montserrat (to UK) Northern Forested Ghauts
St Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts Central Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Richmond Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Cumberland Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Dalaway (Buccament) Watershed
St Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Colonarie Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mount Pleasant Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines La Soufrière National Park
Martinique (to France) Pitons du Carbet
St Lucia Castries and Dennery Waterworks Reserve and Marquis
St Lucia Pitons (Qualibou and Canaries)
Martinique (to France) Massif forestier entre Le Diamant et les Trois-Îlets
Martinique (to France) Forêts du Nord et de la Montagne Pelée
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
St Lucia Mandelé Protected Landscape
Guadeloupe (to France) Forestry massif of Basse-Terre island
Guadeloupe (to France) Pointe des Châteaux

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Euphonia flavifrons. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/03/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/03/2021.