Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2007 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass 17 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 167,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 0
Population trend stable suspected -
Generation length (years) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as 'common' in at least parts of its range (Raffaele et al. 1998).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) extant native yes
Antigua and Barbuda extant native yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) extant native yes
Dominica extant native yes
Grenada extant native yes
Guadeloupe (to France) extant native yes
Martinique (to France) extant native yes
Montserrat (to UK) extant native yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) extant native yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) extant native yes
St Kitts and Nevis extant native yes
St Lucia extant native yes
St Martin (to France) extant native yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines extant native yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) extant native yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Anguilla (to UK) Cauls Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Road Salt Pond
Anguilla (to UK) West End Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Forest Bay Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Cove Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Grey Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Merrywing Pond System
Anguilla (to UK) Katouche Bay Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Mimi Bay
Anguilla (to UK) Katouche Canyon
Montserrat (to UK) Centre Hills
Montserrat (to UK) Northern Forested Ghauts
Montserrat (to UK) South Soufriere Hills
Virgin Islands (to UK) Great Tobago
St Lucia Castries and Dennery Waterworks Reserve and Marquis
Grenada Grand Etang
Grenada Mount Hartman
Grenada Perseverance
Grenada Woodlands of Grenada
Guadeloupe (to France) Forestry massif of Basse-Terre island
Martinique (to France) Pitons du Carbet
Martinique (to France) Presqu'île de la Caravelle
Martinique (to France) Grand Macabou
Martinique (to France) Mangrove de Fort de France
Martinique (to France) Massif forestier entre Le Diamant et les Trois-Îlets
Martinique (to France) Forêts du Nord et de la Montagne Pelée
Guadeloupe (to France) Pointe des Châteaux
Guadeloupe (to France) Grand Cul-de-Sac Marin's eastern coastline
St Martin (to France) Pic Paradis
Antigua and Barbuda Christian Valley
Antigua and Barbuda Wallings Forest
St Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts Central Forest Reserve
Dominica Point Des Foux
Dominica Morne Diablotin National Park
Dominica Morne Trois Pitons National Park
Virgin Islands (to USA) Virgin Islands National Park
St Lucia Iyanola and Grande Anses, Esperance and Fond D'ors
St Lucia Pitons (Qualibou and Canaries)
Virgin Islands (to USA) Mangrove Lagoon
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Little Bay, Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Fresh Pond, Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Fort Amsterdam, Sint Maarten
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Saba
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) The Quill, Sint Eustatius
Antigua and Barbuda Codrington Lagoon and the Creek
St Vincent and the Grenadines Cumberland Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
St Vincent and the Grenadines Richmond Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Dalaway (Buccament) Watershed
St Vincent and the Grenadines Campden Park Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Botanic Gardens Natural Landmark
St Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines King's Hill Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Colonarie Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mount Pleasant Forest Reserve
St Vincent and the Grenadines La Soufrière National Park
St Martin (to France) Tintamarre
St Martin (to France) Grand Etang
Grenada Woodford
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Boven, Sint Eustatius

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist major resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 900 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Loxigilla noctis. Downloaded from on 29/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 29/09/2023.