Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus


Baral, H.S. 2005. Surveys for Lesser Adjutant Leptopilos javanicus in and around Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Forktail 21: 190-193.

Bird, J. P.; Mulligan, B.; Gilroy, J. 2007. Cambodia ornithological expedition 2006.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Choudhury, A. 2000. The birds of Assam. Gibbon Books and WWF-India, Guwahati, India.

Choudhury, A. 2005. First record of Lesser Adjutant Leptopilos javanicus for Bhutan. Forktail 21: 164-165.

Chowdhury, S. U., Sourav, S. H. 2012. Discovery of a Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus breeding colony in Bangladesh. BirdingASIA: 57-59.

Clements, T., Rainey, H., An, D., Rours, V., Tan, S., Thong, S., Sutherland, W.J. and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2013. An evaluation of the effectiveness of a direct payment for biodiversity conservation: the bird nest protection program in the Northern Plains of Cambodia. Biological Conservation 157: 50-59.

Goes, F. 2013. The Birds of Cambodia: An Annotated Checklist. Centre for Biodiversity Conservation, Fauna and Flora International Cambodia Programme and Royal University of Phnom Penh, Phnom Penh.

Gyawali, N. 2004. Conservation fund reports of grant-assisted work: population status and habitat preferences of Lesser Adjutant in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal. BirdingASIA: 8-9.

Li, Z.W.D., Yeap, C. A.; Kumar, K. 2007. Surveys of coastal waterbirds and wetlands in Malaysia, 2004-2006. In: Li, Z. W. D.; Ounsted, R. (ed.), The status of coastal waterbirds and wetlands in Southeast Asia: results of waterbird surveys in Malaysia (2004-2006) and Thailand and Myanmar (2006), pp. 1-40. Wetlands Internationa, Kuala Lumpur.

Mishra, A.; Mandal, J.N.; Ghosh, T. K. 2004. Breeding of Lesser Adjuvant from an unexplored area of Kosi region of N Bihar. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 44: 84.

Rahmani, A.R. 2012. Threatened Birds of India - Their Conservation Requirements. Oxford University Press.

Sharma, S. 2006. Population status and distribution of Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilus javanicus) in far-western lowland Nepal. Tigerpaper 33(4): 9-11.

Visal, S. and Mahood, S. 2015. Wildlife monitoring at Prek Toal Ramsar site, Tonle Sap Great Lake 2013 and 2014. Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia Program, Phnom Penh.

Zöckler, C. 2016. Bird and Mangrove Survey in the southern Myeik Archipelago. Unpublished report for Fauna & Flora International.

Zöckler, C., Zaw Naing, T., Moses, S., Nou Soe, R. & Htin Hla, T. 2014. The importance of the Myanmar Coast for Water Birds. Stilt 66: 37-51.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Stork, Ibis and Spoonbill Specialist Group

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Leptoptilos javanicus. Downloaded from on 02/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 02/06/2023.