Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis


Arata, J. A., Sievert P.R., Naughton, M.B. 2009. Status assessment of Laysan and black-footed albatrosses, North Pacific Ocean, 1923-2005.

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). 2013. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus in Canada. COSEWIC, Ottawa: xii + 55 pp. (www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm).

Crowder, L. B.; Myers, R. A. 2001. A comprehensive study of the ecological impacts of worldwide pelagic longline fishing industry. First annual report to the Pew Charitable Trusts. pp. 146.

Edwards, A. E.; Parrish, J. K. 2008. Laysan Albatross reproductive success is linked to foraging location. Abstracts, 35th Annual Meeting of the Pacific Seabird Group, Blaine, Washington, 27 Feb - 2 Mar 2008, pp. 62. Pacific Seabird Group, Little River, CA, USA.

Fernandez, P.; Anderson, D. J.; Sievert, P. R.; Huyvaert, K. P. 2001. Foraging destinations of three low-latitude albatross (Phoebastria) species. Journal of Zoology (London) 254: 391-404.

Finkelstein, M. 2006. Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge lead poisoning of Laysan Albatross chicks: 2006 summary report.

Finkelstein, M. E.; Doak, D. F.; Nakagawa, M.; Sievert, P. R.; Klavitter, J. 2010. Assessment of demographic risk factors and management priorities: impacts on juveniles substantially affect population viability of a long-lived seabird. Animal Conservation 13(2): 148-156.

Finkelstein, M. E.; Gwiazda, R. H.; Smith, D. R. 2003. Lead poisoning of seabirds: environmental risks from leaded paint at a decommissioned military base. Environmental Science and Technology 37: 3256-3260.

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Hyrenbach, K. D.; Fernez, P.; Anderson, D. J. 2002. Oceanographic habitats of two sympatric North Pacific albatrosses during the breeding season. Marine Ecology Progress Series 233: 283-301.

Johnson, D. H.; Shaffer, T. L.; Gould, P. J. 1993. Incidental catch of marine birds in the north Pacific high seas driftnet fisheries in 1990. North Pacific Fisheries Commission Bulletin 53: 473-483.

Jones, H.P.; Tershy, B.R.; Zavaleta, E.S.; Croll, D.A.; Keitt, B.S.; Finkelstein, M.E.; Howald, G.R. 2008. Severity of the effects of invasive rats on seabirds: a global review. Conservation Biology 22(1): 16-26.

Kappes, M.A., Shaffer, S.A., Tremblay, Y., Foley, D.G., Palacios, D.M., Robinson, P.W., Bograd, S.J., and Costa, D.P. 2010. Hawaiian albatrosses track interannual variability of marine habitats in the North Pacific. Progress in Oceanography 86: 246-260.

Keitt, B. S.; Henry, R. W.; Aguirre, A.; Garcia, C.; Mendoza, L. L.; Hermosillo, M. A.; Tershy, B.; Croll, D. 2006. Impacts of introduced cats (Felis catus) on the Guadalupe island ecosystem. In: Prado, G. K. S., Peters, E. (ed.), Taller sobre la restauración y conservación de Isla Guadalupe: memorias., pp. 10. Instituto Nacional de Ecología, Mexico City.

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Naughton, M. B; Romano, M. D.; Zimmerman, T. S. 2007. A Conservation Action Plan for Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes) and Laysan Albatross (P. immutabilis).iii + pp 37.

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Sievert, P. R.; Sileo, L. 2008. The effects of ingested plastic on growth and survival of albatross chicks. In: Vermeer, K.; Briggs, K. T.;Morgan, K. H.; Siegel-Causey, D. (ed.), The Status, Ecology, and Conservation of Marine Birds of the North Pacific, pp. 212-217. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada.

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Storlazzi, C. D.; Berkowitz, P.; Reynolds, M. H.; Logan, J. B. 2013. Forecasting the Impact of Storm Waves and Sea-Level Rise on Midway Atoll and Laysan Island within the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument - A Comparison of Passive Versus Dynamic Inundation Models. U.S. Department of the Interior; U.S. Geological Survey.

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Thorne, L.H., Hazen, E.L., Bograd, S.J., Foley, D.G., Conners, M.G., Kappes, M.A., Kim, H.M., Costa, D.P., Tremblay, Y., Shaffer, S.A. 2015. Foraging behavior links climate variability and reproduction in North Pacific albatrosses. Movement ecology 3(1): 27.

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U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). 2001. Final United States National Plan of Action for Reducing the Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries. Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service: Silver Spring, MD: 18 pp.

VanderWerf, E.A., Young,L.C. 2016. Juvenile Survival, Recruitment, Population Size, and Effects of Avian Poxvirus in Laysan Albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis) on Oahu. Condor In press.

Wanless, R. M.; Aguirre-Muñoz, A.; Angel, A.; Jacobsen, J. K.; Keitt, B. S.; McCann, J. 2009. Birds of Clarion Island, Revillagigedo Archipelago, Mexico. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(4): 745-751.

Young, L. C., VanderWerf, E. A., Lohr, M. T., Miller, C. J., Titmus, A. J., Peters, D., Wilson, L. 2013. Multi-species predator eradication within a predator-proof fence at Ka ‘ena Point, Hawai ‘i. Biological Invasions 15(12): 2627-2638.

Young, L. C.; Vanderwerf, E. A.; Smith, D. G.; Polhemus, J.; Swenson, N.; Swenson, C.; Liesemeyer, B. R.; Gagne, B. H.; Conant, S. 2009a. Demography and natural history of Laysan Albatross on Oahu, Hawaii. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(4): 722-729.

Young, L.C., VanderWerf, E.A. 2014. Adaptive value of same sex pairing in Laysan Albatross. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281(20132473).

Young, L.C., VanderWerf, E.A., Granholm, C., Osterlund, H., Steutermann, K., Savre. T. 2014. Breeding performance of Laysan Albatrosses (Phoebastria immutabilis) in a foster parent program. Marine Ornithology 42: 99-103.

Young, L.C.; Zaun, B. J.; VanderWerf, E. A. 2008. Successful same-sex pairing in Laysan Albatross. Biology Letters 4: 323-325.

Further resources

Additional information is available on the distribution of the Laysan Albatross from the Global Procellariiform Tracking Database (http://www.seabirdtracking.org)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Phoebastria immutabilis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/02/2023.