LC
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyana



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Turdus libonyana (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as T. libonyanus.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,270,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common to locally uncommon and rare at the edge of its range at higher elevations (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the impacts of habitat modification on population sizes.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant Yes
Lesotho V Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Namibia N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Caconda
Angola Cameia National Park
Angola Cangandala National Park
Angola Cuelei
Angola Gabela
Angola Luando Strict Nature Reserve
Angola Luia
Angola Mount Moco
Angola Tundavala
Botswana Chobe National Park
Botswana Linyanti swamp/Chobe river
Botswana Okavango Delta
Botswana Makgadikgadi Pans
Botswana South-east Botswana
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi)
Malawi Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve
Malawi Lake-shore Forest Reserves
Malawi South Viphya Forest Reserve
Malawi Mtangatanga and Perekezi Forest Reserves
Malawi Kasungu National Park
Malawi Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve
Malawi Ntchisi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Dzalanyama Forest Reserve
Malawi Namizimu Forest Reserve
Malawi Mangochi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Liwonde National Park
Malawi Liwonde Hills Forest Reserve
Malawi Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve
Malawi Thyolo tea estates
Malawi Lengwe National Park
Mozambique Maputo Special Reserve
Mozambique Changelane river gorge
Mozambique Panda Brachystegia woodlands
Mozambique Chimanimani Mountains (Mozambique)
Mozambique Gorongosa Mountain and National Park
Namibia Eastern Caprivi wetlands
Namibia Mahango Game Reserve and Kavango river
Namibia Etosha National Park
Namibia Tsumkwe pan system
Eswatini Malolotja Nature Reserve
Eswatini Hlane and Mlawula Game Reserves
Tanzania Katavi National Park
Tanzania Mikumi National Park
Tanzania Ruaha National Park
Tanzania Moyowosi - Kigosi Game Reserves
Tanzania Selous Game Reserve
Tanzania Kilombero Valley
Tanzania Usangu flats
Tanzania Kisarawe District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Handeni District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Nguu Mountains
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Tanzania Ukaguru Mountains
Tanzania Umalila Mountains
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area
South Africa Kruger National Park and adjacent areas
South Africa Soutpansberg
South Africa Blouberg
South Africa Polokwane Nature Reserve
South Africa Waterberg System
South Africa Nyl River Floodplain
South Africa Blyde River Canyon
South Africa Mac-Mac Escarpment and Forests
South Africa Kaapsehoop
South Africa Steenkampsberg
South Africa Songimvelo Nature Reserve
South Africa Amersfoort - Bethal - Carolina District
South Africa Chrissie Pans
South Africa Grasslands
South Africa Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa Magaliesberg
South Africa Golden Gate Highlands National Park
South Africa Ndumo Game Reserve
South Africa Kosi Bay system
South Africa Lake Sibaya
South Africa Ithala Game Reserve
South Africa Mkuzi Game Reserve
South Africa Lake St Lucia and Mkuze Swamps
South Africa Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park
South Africa Umlalazi Nature Reserve
South Africa Maloti Drakensberg Park
South Africa Mkhambati Nature Reserve
Zambia Hillwood
Zambia Source of the Zambezi
Zambia Chitunta Plain
Zambia West Lunga National Park and Lukwakwa Game Management Area
Zambia Sioma Ngwezi National Park
Zambia Machile
Zambia Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park and Batoka Gorge
Zambia Nkanga River Conservation Area
Zambia Kafue Flats
Zambia Kafue National Park
Zambia Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage
Zambia North Swaka
Zambia Lukanga Swamp
Zambia Chisamba
Zambia Lower Zambezi National Park
Zambia South Luangwa National Park
Zambia North Luangwa National Park
Zambia Lukususi National Park
Zambia Shiwa Ng'andu
Zambia Lavushi Manda National Park
Zambia Kasanka National Park
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps
Zambia Kalungwishi
Zambia Jimbe Drainage
Zimbabwe Nyanga mountains
Zimbabwe Nyanga lowlands/Honde valley
Zimbabwe Stapleford Forest
Zimbabwe Bvumba Highlands
Zimbabwe Banti Forest Reserve
Zimbabwe Chimanimani Mountains (Zimbabwe)
Zimbabwe Hwange National Park
Zimbabwe Robert McIlwaine Recreational Park
Zimbabwe Matobo Hills
Zimbabwe Mavuradonha Mountains
Zambia Wonder Gorge
Zambia Uningi Pans
Zambia Simungoma
Zambia Mutulanganga
Zambia Mutinondo Wilderness
Zambia Mbulo Forest
Zambia Mafinga Mountains
Zambia Lusenga Plain National Park
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountain Range
South Africa Mapungubwe

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Savanna Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Turdus libonyana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/08/2020.