Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyana


Taxonomic note
Turdus libonyana (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as T. libonyanus.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,270,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common to locally uncommon and rare at the edge of its range at higher elevations (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the impacts of habitat modification on population sizes.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant Yes
Lesotho V Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Namibia N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Caconda
Angola Cameia National Park
Angola Cangandala National Park
Angola Cuelei
Angola Gabela
Angola Luando Strict Nature Reserve
Angola Luia
Angola Mount Moco
Angola Tundavala
Botswana Chobe National Park
Botswana Linyanti swamp/Chobe river
Botswana Makgadikgadi Pans
Botswana Okavango Delta
Botswana South-east Botswana
Eswatini Hlane and Mlawula Game Reserves
Eswatini Malolotja Nature Reserve
Malawi Dzalanyama Forest Reserve
Malawi Kasungu National Park
Malawi Lake-shore Forest Reserves
Malawi Lengwe National Park
Malawi Liwonde Hills Forest Reserve
Malawi Liwonde National Park
Malawi Mangochi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve
Malawi Mtangatanga and Perekezi Forest Reserves
Malawi Namizimu Forest Reserve
Malawi Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve
Malawi Ntchisi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi)
Malawi South Viphya Forest Reserve
Malawi Thyolo tea estates
Malawi Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve
Mozambique Changelane river gorge
Mozambique Chimanimani Mountains (Mozambique)
Mozambique Gorongosa Mountain and National Park
Mozambique Maputo Special Reserve
Mozambique Panda Brachystegia woodlands
Namibia Eastern Caprivi wetlands
Namibia Etosha National Park
Namibia Mahango Game Reserve and Kavango river
Namibia Tsumkwe pan system
South Africa Amersfoort - Bethal - Carolina District
South Africa Blouberg
South Africa Chrissie Pans
South Africa Golden Gate Highlands National Park
South Africa Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park
South Africa Ithala Game Reserve
South Africa Kaapsehoop
South Africa Kruger National Park and adjacent areas
South Africa Magaliesberg
South Africa Maloti Drakensberg Park
South Africa Mkhambati Nature Reserve
South Africa Ndumo Game Reserve
South Africa Nyl River Floodplain
South Africa Pilanesberg National Park
South Africa Polokwane Nature Reserve
South Africa Songimvelo Nature Reserve
South Africa Soutpansberg
South Africa Steenkampsberg
South Africa Umlalazi Nature Reserve
South Africa Waterberg System
Tanzania Handeni District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Katavi National Park
Tanzania Kilombero Valley
Tanzania Kisarawe District Coastal Forests
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area
Tanzania Mikumi National Park
Tanzania Moyowosi - Kigosi Game Reserves
Tanzania Nguu Mountains
Tanzania Ruaha National Park
Tanzania Selous Game Reserve
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Tanzania Ukaguru Mountains
Tanzania Umalila Mountains
Tanzania Usangu flats
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps
Zambia Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage
Zambia Chisamba
Zambia Chitunta Plain
Zambia Hillwood
Zambia Jimbe Drainage
Zambia Kafue Flats
Zambia Kafue National Park
Zambia Kalungwishi
Zambia Kasanka National Park
Zambia Lavushi Manda National Park
Zambia Lower Zambezi National Park
Zambia Lukanga Swamp
Zambia Lukususi National Park
Zambia Lusenga Plain National Park
Zambia Machile
Zambia Mafinga Mountains
Zambia Mbulo Forest
Zambia Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park and Batoka Gorge
Zambia Mutinondo Wilderness
Zambia Mutulanganga
Zambia Nkanga River Conservation Area
Zambia North Luangwa National Park
Zambia North Swaka
Zambia Shiwa Ng'andu
Zambia Simungoma
Zambia Sioma Ngwezi National Park
Zambia Source of the Zambezi
Zambia South Luangwa National Park
Zambia Uningi Pans
Zambia West Lunga National Park and Lukwakwa Game Management Area
Zambia Wonder Gorge
Zimbabwe Banti Forest Reserve
Zimbabwe Bvumba Highlands
Zimbabwe Chimanimani Mountains (Zimbabwe)
Zimbabwe Hwange National Park
Zimbabwe Matobo Hills
Zimbabwe Mavuradonha Mountains
Zimbabwe Nyanga lowlands/Honde valley
Zimbabwe Nyanga mountains
Zimbabwe Robert McIlwaine Recreational Park
Zimbabwe Stapleford Forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Savanna Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Turdus libonyana. Downloaded from on 22/09/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/09/2019.