Koepcke's Hermit Phaethornis koepckeae


Justification of Red List Category
This species is thought to have a moderately small, declining population owing to habitat loss. It is consequently classified as Near Threatened.

Population justification
The population is preliminarily estimated to number 10,000-19,999 individuals. This equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals. The estimate requries confirmation.

Trend justification
This species is suspected to lose 10.6-10.8% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (12 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is therefore suspected to decline by <25% over three generations.

Distribution and population

Phaethornis koepckeae is locally common, but very patchily distributed on outlying ridges near the east slope of the Andes in Peru (Amazonas, San Martín, Huánuco and Madre de Dios) (Parker et al. 1982, Sibley and Monroe 1990, Parker et al. 1996, Schulenberg et al. 2007).


It is found in the understorey of lowland and montane evergreen forest at 450-1,300 m, and at Hacienda Amazonia frequents Heliconia patches (Sibley and Monroe 1990, Parker et al. 1996, Clements and Shany 2001, Schulenberg et al. 2007). It is rarely recorded in second growth.


It is threatened by rapid deforestation within its elevational range. Habitat in the Marañón drainage has been progressively deteriorating under cultivation for many years (Dinerstein et al. 1995), while the spread of oil palm plantations, cattle ranching and logging are all serious threats (Dinerstein et al. 1995).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Effectively protect and manage core areas of remaining habitat. Monitor population at strongholds and search for the species in potentially suitable habitat at new sites. Study its ecology and its ability to persist in degraded and fragmented habitats. Attempt to obtain an accurate estimate of its population size and trends. Quantify extent of habitat losses.


Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Capper, D., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Phaethornis koepckeae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/08/2022.