Kirtland's Warbler Setophaga kirtlandii


Anon. 1996. Forest fire helps Kirtland's Warbler. Canadian Wildlife: 43.

Anon. 2008. Seeing Kirtland's Warbler in Michigan. Birding World 21(5): 211-213.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

Bocetti, C. I.; Donner, D. M.; Mayfield, H. F. 2020. Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii), version 1.0. In: Poole, A. F. (ed.), Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Brown, D. J.; Donner, D. M.; Ribic, C. A.; Bocetti, C. I. 2019. Influence of climate change and postdelisting management on long‐term population viability of the conservation‐reliant Kirtland's Warbler. Ecology and Evolution 9(18): 10263-10276.

Brown, D. J.; Ribic, C. A.; Donner, D. M.; Nelson, M. D.; Bocetti, C. I.; Deloria-Sheffield, C. M. 2017. Using a full annual cycle model to evaluate long-term population viability of the conservation-reliant Kirtland’s warbler after successful recovery. Journal of Applied Ecology 54(2): 439-449.

Cooper, N. W.; Ewert, D. N.; Hall, K. R.; Rockwell, S. M.; Currie, D.; Wunderle Jr., J. M.; White, J. D.; Marra, P. P. 2018. Resighting data reveal weak connectivity from wintering to breeding grounds in a range-restricted and endangered long-distance migratory passerine. Avian Conservation and Ecology 13(1): 9.

Cooper, N. W.; Ewert, D. N.; Wunderle Jr., J. M.; Helmer, E. H.; Marra, P. P. 2019. Revising the wintering distribution and habitat use of the Kirtland’s warbler using playback surveys, citizen scientists, and geolocators. Endangered Species Research 38: 79-89.

Cooper, N. W.; Hallworth, M. T.; Marra, P. P. 2017. Light‐level geolocation reveals wintering distribution, migration routes, and primary stopover locations of an endangered long‐distance migratory songbird. Journal of Avian Biology 48(2): 209-219.

Cooper, N. W.; Rushing, C. S.; Marra, P. P. 2019. Reducing the conservation reliance of the endangered Kirtland's warbler through adaptive management. The Journal of Wildlife Management 83(6): 1297-1305.

Curson, J.; Quinn, D.; Beadle, D. 1994. New World warblers. A&C Black/Christopher Helm, London.

Donner, D. M.; Brown, D. J.; Ribic, C. A.; Nelson, M.; Greco, T. 2018. Managing forest habitat for conservation-reliant species in a changing climate: The case of the endangered Kirtland’s Warbler. Forest Ecology and Management 430: 265-279.

Eskelsen, J. 2007. Kirtland's Warblers found nesting outside Michigan. Birder's World 21(5): 14-16.

Fleming, G. M.; Ewert, D. N.; Wunderle, J. M. 2019. Response of early-successional Bahamian dry forest habitat to goat grazing and implications for Kirtland's warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii) wintering ground management. Caribbean Journal of Science 49(2-3): 157-184.

Haney, J. C.; Lee, D. S.; Walsh-McGehee, M. 1998. A quantitative analysis of winter distribution and habitats of Kirtland's Warblers in the Bahamas. Condor 100: 201-217.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Mayfield, H. F. 1992. Kirtland's Warbler (Dendroica kirtlandi). In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No. 19, pp. 1-16. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia and The American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia and Washington, DC.

Michigan Department of Natural Resources. 2015. Statewide DNR News.

Nelson, M. D.; Buech, R. R. 1996. A test of three models of Kirtland's Warbler habitat suitability. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24: 89-97.

Richard, T. 2013. Seven years later: Kirtland's Warbler at Petawawa 2006-2013. Ontario Birds 31: 148-159.

Richard, T. 2014. Characteristics of the breeding habitat of endangered Kirtland's Warblers on a Canadian military installation. Journal of Field Ornithology 85(3): 301-309.

Richter, J. 1996. New friends for the Kirtland's Warbler. Endangered Species Bulletin 11: 12.

Rockwell, S. M., Bocetti, C. I. and Marra, P. P. 2012. Carry-over effects of winter climate on spring arrival date and reproductive success in an endangered migratory bird, the Kirtland’s Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii). Auk 129: 744-752.

Rockwell, S. M.; Wunderle Jr., J. M.; Sillett, T. S.; Bocetti, C. I.; Ewert, D. N.; Currie, D.; White, J. D.; Marra, P. P. 2017. Seasonal survival estimation for a long-distance migratory bird and the influence of winter precipitation. Oecologia 183(3): 715-726.

Sykes, P. W. 1997. A closer look: Kirtland's Warbler. Birding 29: 220-227.

Sykes, P. W.; Clench, M. H. 1998. Winter habitat of Kirtland's Warbler: an endangered Neartic/Neotropical migrant. Wilson Bulletin 110: 244-261.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR). 2015. Memorandum of Agreement between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Effective September 3, 2015. USFWS, Washington, D.C., USA.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Michigan Department of Natural Resources, and United States Forest Service. 2016. Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, and the United States Forest Service, Eastern Region (Lake States Forests in Michigan and Wisconsin). Forest Service Agreement 16‐MU‐11090100‐009. Effective April 14, 2016. USFWS, Washington, D.C., USA. .

Wolcott, D. M.; Donner, D. M.; Brown, D. J.; Ribic, C. A. 2018. Kirtland's warbler winter habitat changes across the Bahamian Archipelago in response to future climate-condition scenarios. Caribbean Naturalist 49: 1-20.

Wunderle, J. M., Jr.; Currie, D.; Helmer, E. H.; Ewert, D. N.; White, J. D.; Ruzycki, T. S.; Parresol, B.; Kwit, C. 2010. Kirtland's Warblers in anthropogenically disturbed early-successional habitats on Eleuthera, The Bahamas. Condor 112(1): 123-137.

Wunderle, J. M., P. K. Lebow, J. D. White, D. Currie, and D. N. Ewert. 2014. Sex and age differences in site fidelity, food resource tracking, and body condition of wintering Kirtland’s Warblers in the Bahamas. Ornithological Monographs 80: 1-62.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Setophaga kirtlandii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2021.