Kauai Amakihi Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri


Atkinson, C. T., Utzurrum, R. B., Lapointe, D. A., Camp, R. J., Crampton, L. H., Foster, J. T. and Giambelluca, T. W. 2014. Changing climate and the altitudinal range of avian malaria in the Hawaiian Islands – an ongoing conservation crisis on the island of Kaua'i. Global Change Biology 20: 2426–2436.

Behnke, L.A.H, Pejchar, L. and Crampton, L.H. 2016. Occupancy and habitat use of the endangered Akikiki and Akekee on Kauai Island, Hawaiii. Condor 18: 148-158.

Benning, T. L.; LaPointe, D.; Atkinson, C. T.; Vitousek, P. M. 2002. Interactions of climate change with biological invasions and land use in the Hawaiian Islands: modeling the fate of endemic birds using a geographic information system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(22): 14246-14249.

Conant, S.; Pratt, H. D.; Shallenberger, R. J. 1998. Reflections on a 1975 expedition to the lost world of the Alaka'i and other notes on the natural history, systematics, and conservation of Kaua'i birds. Wilson Bulletin 110: 1-22.

Foster, J. T.; Tweed, E.J.; Camp, R.J.; Woodworth, B. L.; Adler, C.D.; Telfer, T. 2004. Long-term population changes of antive and introduced birds in the Alaka'i Swamp, Kaua'i. Conservation Biology 18: 716-725.

Jacobi, J. D.; Atkinson, C. T. 1995. Hawaii's endemic birds. In: LaRoe, E.T. (ed.), Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of US plants, animals, and ecosystems, pp. 376-381. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, D.C.

Lindsey, G. D.; Vanderwerf, E. A.; Baker, H.; Baker, P. 1998. Hawai'i (Hemignathus virens), Kaua'i (Hemignathus kauaiensis), O'ahu (Hemignathus chloris) and Greater 'Amakihi (Hemignathus sagittirostris). In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No. 360, pp. 1-28. The Academy of Natural Sciences and The American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia and Washington, DC.

Pratt, H. D. 1993. Enjoying birds in Hawaii: a birdfinding guide to the fiftieth state. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu.

Pratt, H. D. 1994. Avifaunal change in the Hawaiian Islands, 1893-1993. Studies in Avian Biology 15: 103-118.

Pratt, H. D.; Bruner, P. L.; Berrett, D. G. 1987. A field guide to the birds of Hawaii and the tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Scott, J. M.; Kepler, C. B.; Sincock, J. L. 1985. Distribution and abundance of Hawai'i's endemic land birds: conservation and management strategies. In: Stone, C.P.; Scott, J.M. (ed.), Hawai'i's terrestrial ecosystems: preservation and management, pp. 75-104. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu.

Scott, J.M., Mountainspring, S., Ramsey, F.L. and Kepler, C.B. 1986. Forest bird communities of the Hawaiian Islands: their dynamics, ecology, and conservation. Cooper Ornithological Society, California.

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1983. Kauai forest birds recovery plan. USFWS, Portland, USA.

Further resources

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri. Downloaded from on 06/05/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/05/2021.